G&cj;jPd; (,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gilianahl;ba gpupTfs;)

Rje;jpuk;

rKfKk; ,];yhkpa Ml;rpAk;

njhopypy; Rje;jpuk;

murpay;

tptrhaj;jpy; Rje;jpuk;

,];yhk; ru;tjpfhu Kiwia fz;bf;fpd;wJ

Gdu; epu;khz Ntiyapy; Rje;jpuk;

,];yhKk; rKf cj;juthjKk;

cw;gj;jpapy; Rje;jpuk;

,];yhkpa rKf cj;juthjq;fspypUe;J rpy cjhuzq;fs;

gpuahzk; kw;Wk; jq;Fjypy; Rje;jpuk;

nghUshjhuk;

murpay; kw;Wk; rKf gzpfisr; nra;tjpy; Rje;jpuk;

ehd;F tpjkhd nfhLg;gdTfs;

fyhr;rhuk;

,];yhj;jpy; igJy; khy;

Rfhjhuk;

ghJfhg;G gilAk; mjd; rl;lq;fSk;

FLk;gk;

rKf rPu;NfLfs

,];yhKk; kdpj rKf epu;thfTk;

ePjp> jPu;g;G

 

 

 

G&cj;jPd; (,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gilianahl;ba gpupTfs;)

,t;tplaq;fisg; gw;wp mwptjw;F Kd; ,];yhkpa mbg;gil tplaq;fs; kdpjdJ rpe;jidAld; njhlu;G gl;Ls;sJ. ,jdhy; mitfis Mjhuj;JlDk;> ,[;jp`hJlDNk Vw;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gij mwpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. Mdhy; ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gilianahl;ba gpupTfs;> mjDila rfy mk;rq;fSk; gpwe;jjpy; ,Ue;J kuzpf;fpd;w tiuf;Fk; cs;s tho;f;ifapd; xt;nthU tplaq;fisAk;> kdpjJ mirTfisAk; nghjpe;Js;sJ. nghJthf vy;yh kdpjdu;fshYk; mit midj;jpYk; ,[;jp`hj; nra;a KbahJ. Mifahy; mt;tplaq;fspy; mtDf;F jFjpAs;s xU K[;j`pijg; gpd;gw;w KbAk;.

,];yhkpa mbg;gilianahl;ba gpuptfs; mjpfkhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mitfspy; Kf;fpakhd> gpugy;akhd gj;J tplaq;fisNa ehk; ,q;F Fwpg;gpLfpd;Nwhk;. mjd; gpd; tpgupf;fg; gl Ntz;ba rpy tplaq;fis jq;fs; Kd; itf;fpd;Nwhk;.

1.njhOif

2.Nehd;G

3.Fk;];

4.]fhj;

5.`[;

6.[p`hj;

7.ed;ikia VTjy;

8.jPikiaj; jLj;jy;

9.jty;yp

10.jgu;up

,e;j gj;J tplaq;fisAk;> nfhLf;fy; thq;fy;> jpUkzk;> jyhf;> fp]h]; (gopf;Fg; gop thq;fy;) e\;laPL ngWjy; ,J Nghd;w NtW gpupTfisAk; \uPmj; rl;lf;NfhitfspNy moFw $wg;gl;ls;sd. MfNt mij mq;Nf ghu;j;Jf; nfhs;SkhW Ntz;b ,q;Nf rKfKk; ,];yhkpa Ml;rpAk;> murpaYk; nghUshjhuKk;> ,uhZtKk; mjd; rl;lq;fSk;> jPu;g;Gk; muRk;> Rje;jpuk;> fyhr;rhuk;> Rfhjhuk; Nghd;w tplaq;fis kpfTk; RUf;fkhf jq;fspd; ftdj;jpw;F jUfpd;Nwhk;.

 

rKfKk; ,];yhkpa Ml;rpAk;

,];yhkpa khu;f;fk; kdpju;fs; gpwe;jjpy; ,Ue;J mtdJ rKf tho;f;iffhf gy tplaq;fis itj;Js;sJ. xt;nthU rKfj;jpdJ rpwg;G> rPNjtpj;jdj;ij eilKiwr;rl;lq;fs; mf;yhf; kw;Wk; Mj;kPf tplaq;fisf; nfhz;L Vw;ghL nra;fpd;wJ.

,];yhkpa khu;f;fk; cyf kf;fspd; NjitfSf;F gjpy; nfhLf;Fk; xd;whfTk;> cyfj;jhupd; gpur;rpidfis jPu;f;Fk; xd;whfTk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ,];yhkpa muR jPdpd; rl;l jpl;lq;fSf;F Vw;wthW rupahd Kiwapy; cyfj;jhu; kPJ Ml;rp nra;Akhdhy;> cyfk; Rtdj;ijg; Nghd;W ey;ytu;fs; midtiuAk; jd;Dld; nfhz;bUf;Fk;. ,t;thW $Wfpd;w NghJ ,e;j khu;f;fk; vJ? mJ vg;gb cyfpy; cs;s gy tifahd kf;fspd; re;Njhrj;jpw;fhd topiaf; nfhLf;Fk;? kdpjd; mDthAjq;fisj; jahupg;gjw;fhd rf;jpiag; ngw;w NghJ mtdJ mwptpd; rf;jp G+kpAila vy;iyf;F mg;ghy; gl;L tpl;lJ. mtdJ VTfizfSk;> tpd;ntsp uhf;Nfl;Lf;fSk; tsp kz;lsj;jpy; Eioe;j NghJ el;rj;jpuq;fSlDk; Nghu; nra;a Ntz;Lk;  vd;w vz;zk; mtd; rpe;jidapy; Fb nfhz;Ls;sJ> ,e;epiyapy; rKfj;ij top elhj;Jk; rf;jp> Ml;rp vd;w gPlj;jpw;F tUk; rf;jp ,];yhj;jpw;F cs;sjh? mJ Ml;rpapy; mku;e;jhy; cyfj;jhupd; gpur;rpizfSf;F jPu;T toq;Fk; epiy mjw;F fpilf;Fkh? Nghd;w Nfs;tpfs; Njhd;Wk;.   ,e;j tpdhf;fs; midj;Jk; gjpiy vjpu; ghu;j;J epw;fpd;wJ. mitfSf;fwpa gjpy; mLj;jLj;j gf;fq;fspNy njspthFk;.

 

murpay;

,];yhk; xU ehl;il Ml;rp nra;tjw;fhf Rje;jpuk;> nghJ clikg; ghJfhg;G> rKfePjp> rKf mikjp Nghd;w tplaq;fis ikakhf itj;J  mofpa murpay; topfis Kiwfisf; fhl;bj; je;js;sJ. ez;gu;> rNfhjuu; vd;w mikg;gpNy tho;f;ifapd; mbg;gil Nehf;fq; fis ftdj;jpy; nfhz;L vy;yh kf;fisAk; rkkhdtu;fNs vd;W fdpj;Js;sJ. mij my;Fu;Md; ,t;thW nrhy;Yfpd;wJ 'ed;ikapYk;; gagf;jpapYk; ePq;fs; xUtUf;nfhUtH cjtp nra;J nfhs;Sq;fs;; ghtj;jpYk;> gifikapYk; ePq;fs; xUtUf;nfhUtH cjtp nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;lhk;;" ( #uh khapjh trdk; 02 ) ,t;trdk; Fy> Nfhj;jpuq;fSf;Fwpa jfikfis xJf;fp itj;Js;sJ. Vnddpy; ,itfs;  vy;yhk; xU jfikahf khl;lhJ. 'cq;fspy; vtH kpfTk; gagf;jpAilatuhf ,Uf;fpd;whNuh mtHjhk; my;yh`;tplj;jpy;> epr;rakhf kpf;f fz;zpakhdtH" (#uJy; 

`{[{uhj; trdk; 13 )

cz;ikapy; ,khk;fs; jq;fsJ ntspg;gilahd Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpNy kpfTk; rpwe;j eil Kiw topfisf; nfhz;L Vw;gLj;jpa murpay; cau; Nehf;fq;fisf; nfhz;L njspth ,Ue;jJ> ,d;Dk; mJ rKfj;ij gpur;rpidfspd; jpapypUe;Jk;> top njupahJ jj;jspg;gjpypUe;Jk;> Vo;ik> mwpahik> ftiyfspypUe;J J}ukhf;fp itj;jJ. mj;Jld; jf;th vDk; ,iwar;rj;jpd; epoypNy nghJg; ghJ fhg;G> rKf tsq;fisAk; mtu;fSf;F md;gspg;ghf nfhz;L te;Js;sJ.

,];yhk; cupik> nghJ clikfisg; ghJfhj;jy; vd;w Nehf;fj;jpy; rKj;jpy; ,Uf;fpd;w xt;nthUtiuAk; mjd; nghUg;Gjhupfshf fUjp ,t;thW nrhy;ypAs;sJ: 'ePq;fs; midtUk; cq;fis epu;tfpj;jtu;fs; tplaj;jpy; nghUg;Gilatu;fshFk;" ,d;Dk; ',];yhkpa rKfj;jpy; thOk; xUtu; kw;w K];ypk;fspd; tptfhuq;fSf;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; nfhLf;fhJ mjd; nghWg;Gjhupahf jd;id Mf;fhJ tpl;lhy; mtu; K];ypkhdtu; my;y" ,jd; gb 'vdf;nfd;d"  'Njitapy;yhj tplak;" vd;W tpl;Lg; Nghtij fLikahf epuhfupf;fg; gLfpd;wJ.

 

,];yhk; ru;tjpfhu Kiwia fz;bf;fpd;wJ

,];yhk; mePjp nra;tijj; jLf;f ru;tjpfhu> mde;jukhd> kd;duhl;rp Kiwia xJf;fp itj;J ,];yhkpa ehl;il elj;Jtjw;F ,khk;fs; my;yhjtu;fisg; nghUj;j tiuapy; #uh vd;w mikg;igAk;> mjpfkhd thf;Ffs; vd;gijAk; rowlj cykhf;fspd; #uhitAk; itj;Js;sJ. xU Gwk; xt;nthUk; mtu;fisj; njupT nra;tjpy; Rje;jpukhdtu;fs; mFk;. mtu;fshy; Nju;e;njLf;fg; gl;ltu;fspy; mjw;Fwpa jFjp ,y;yhJ Nghdhy; mtu;fis mt;tplj;ij tpl;L vLj;J tpl;L mjw;F jFjpahf midj;J epge;jidfisAk; nfhz;l xUtiu Nje;njLf;Fk; mjpfhuk;  mtu;fSf;F ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mNjNghd;W jhd; kf;fs; ghuhSkd;w Nju;jy; fspy; mjw;fhd cWg;gpdu;fisj; njupT nra;tjpYk; G+uz Rje;jpuk; cs;stu;fshf ,Uf;fpd;wdu;. ghuhSkd;wk; ,];yhj;jpd; tiuaiuf;Fy; mjd; rl;lq;fis ,khk; k`;jp (miy) mtu;fs; kiwthf ,Uf;fpd;w fhyj;jpy; khu;f;f tplaq;fspYk;> rKf tptfhuq;fspYk;> ,];yhkpa cyf tplaq;fspYk; G+uz mwpT cs;s khu;f;f mwpQu;fshy; my;Fu;Md;> gupRj;jthd;fspd; topKiw (Rd;dh)> mf;y;> ,[;kh/tpypUe;J ngWk; mr;rl;lq;fis jpwk; gl Muha;e;J eilKiwg; gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. mtu;fshy; njhFf;fg; gl;l mr;rl;lq;fspNy VjhtJ gpsTfs; ,Ue;jhy; mitfisf; Fwpg;gpl;L rup ghu;j;j gpd;du; mij eilKiwg;gLj;j mKyhf;fy; FOTf;Fk;> ,];yhkpa ehl;bd; nghUg;GjhupfSf;Fk; mwptpf;f Ntz;Lk;. mtu;fSk; mij rKf eyj;jpw;fhfTk;>  mtu;fspd; ghJfhg;Gf;fhfTk;> ePjpia ghJfhf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w cz;ikahd vz;zj;Jld; eil Kiwg;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. NtnwhU thu;j;ijapy; nrhy;tjhapd; ghuhSkd;wk; \uPmj; rl;lq;fSf;F Kd;dpiyapy; rl;lq;fis itf;fNth my;yJ mij $l;lNth Fiwf;fNth mjw;F vt;tpj cupikAk; fpilahJ. Vnddpy; ' K`k;kj; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; `yhyhf;fpait fpahk ehs; tiuf;Fk; `yhyhFk;. `uhkhf;fpait ,Wjpehs; tiuf;Fk; `uhkhFk;" ,];yhj;jpy; ghuhSkd;wj;Jila flik kpfTk; tiuaWf;fg; gl;ljhFk;. mjhtJ \uPmj; xU tplaj;jpy; mjw;fhf xU topia mwpKfg; gLj;jp itj;jpUf;f tpy;iy vd;wpUe;jhy; \uPmj; rl;lq;fis eilKiwg; gLj;Jtjw;fhf Ntz;b kpfTk; rpwe;j topia gpupj;jwptjw;fhf $l ghuhS kd;wj;jpd; flik tiuaiw nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.

cjhuzkhf tpahghuk; kf;fspd; ifapy; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W \uPmj; nrhy;ypAs;sJ. ,q;Nf ghwhSkd;wk; ,t;topia khw;wNth my;yJ mij muRila ifspy itj;Jf; nfhs;sNth my;yJ Fwpg;gpl;l rpyupl j;jpy; xg;gilj;J mij kl;bl mtu;fSf;F vt;tpj cupikNah mDkjpNah ,y;iy. Mdhy; \uPmj; thfdq;fs; tyJ gf;fkhfj;jhd; my;yJ ,lJ gf;fkhfj;jhd; nry;y Ntz;Lk; vd;W nrhy;y tpy;iy. ,q;Nf thfdq;fs; nry;tjw;F rpwe;j ghijiaf; fhl;bf; nfhLg;gJ ghuhSkd;wj;Jila flikahFk;.

rpwe;j ghijiaf; fhl;bf; nfhLj;jd; gpd;du; \uPmj;jd; tiuaiwf;Fy; mJ cWjpngw kf;fSila eyDf;fhfTk;> fyhr;rhuj;jpd; tsu;r;rpf;fhf Tk; kf;fsJ nrhFRf;fhfTk; Njitahd midj;J tpj cgfuzq;fisAk; gad; gLj;jtJ ,];yhkpa murpd; flikahFk;.

 

,];yhKk; rKf cj;juthjKk;

,];yhj;jpy; rKf cj;juthjk; vd;gJ kdpj rkjhaj;jpd; goq;fhyj;jp ypUe;J te;j xU vjpu; ghu;g;ghFk;. Vnddpy; ,];yhk; nghJthf vy;yh kdpju;fSk; mijg; gw;wp ftiyg;gLfpd;w> Nahrpf;fpd;w ,e;j ,ay;ghd vjpu; ghu;g;Gf;F kpfTk; rpwe;j Kiwapy; kdpju;fsJ rfy jpifisAk;> mf;yhf;Fila tplaq;fisAk; ftdj;jpy; nfhz;L mofpa gjpy;fisf; nfhLj;Js;sJ.

tuyhW jd;idf; ftdpf;fhJ> jdf;F Kd;dpUe;j Ntjq;fisAk; ghu;f;fhJ> gpd; Njhd;wpaitfisSk; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;shJ> Fwpg;ghf jdpegu; cj;juthjk;> rKf cj;juthjk; vd cj;juthj;jpd; Kiwapy; rl;lk; kw;Wk; mwpT Kd;NdwpAs;s ,f;fhy fl;lj;jpy; ,];yhk; cyfj;jhUf;F ,];yhkpa rKf cj;juthjk; vd;w xU Kiwia toq;fpAs;sJ.

 

,];yhkpa rKf cj;juthjq;fspypUe;J rpy cjhuzq;fs;

KjyhtJ cjhuzk;

,];yhk; -ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fspd; nkhopapy; ,Ue;Jk; m`;Yy; igj;Jf;fspd; ,khk;fs; thu;j;ijapypUe;Jk;- rKf cj;juthjj;jpw;Fwpa rl;lq;fspNy rpy tplaq;fis Kd;itj;J mij kpfTk; ftdkhf ,Ue;J eil Kiwg;gLj;jpAs;sJ.

1.xUtu; kuzpj;jhy; mtUf;F epiwa nrhj;JfSk; ,Ue;jhy; Fwpg;gpl;l rpy epge;jidfisf; nfhz;L mit midj;Jk; mtuJ mde;jufh uUf;F nrhe;jkhFk;. mjw;F  tup vd xd;Wk; vLf;fg; glkhl;lhJ. ,e;epiy mwpahik fhyj;jpy; mtu;fsJ Ml;rpapy; eil Kiwg;gLj;jg; gl;L te;jJ. Mdhy; ,g;NghJs;s muRfs; mde;jur; nrhj;Jf;fSf;Fk; tup epu;dak; nra;jdu; nra;fpd;wdu;.

2.xUtu; fld; fhudhf ,Uf;fpd;wNghJ kuzpj;jhy; my;yJ ghJfhtyu;> cz;gjw;F cztpy;yhJ> jd;dplk; xd;WNk ,y;yhj epiyapy; kuzpj;jhy;> mtuJ flid milg;gJ> kidtp kf;fisg; ghJfhg;gJ mtu;fSf;F czT nfhLg;gJ K];ypk;fspd; jiytuhd ,khk; ,];yhkpa muRila flikahFk;. ,t;tplak; $l NkNy $wpaJ Nghy; vq;Fk; eil ngWfpd;wjy;y.

3.NkNy $wpa ,uz;L tplaq;fSld; Nru;j;J nghUshjhu cjtpha K];ypk;fspd; igj;Jy;khy; ,Ue;J midj;J kf;fSf;Fk; mtu;fsJ Njitfis eptu;j;jp nra;a toq;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. ,d;\h my;yh`; ,ijg;gw;wp nghUshjhuj;ijg; gw;wp $Wk; NghJ xU gFjpapy; $wg;gLk;.

 

,uz;lhtJ cjhuzk

myp ,g;D ,g;wh`Pk; Fk;kp vd;gtu; jdJ my;Fu;Md; tpupTiuapy; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fspd; topahf te;j xU `jPij vOjpAs;shu;fs;. mjpy; egpatu;fs; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p) ,ij gy jlit jpUk;gj; jpUk;g $wpAs;shu;fs;.

'fld; nfhLj;jtu; fld; thq;fpatiu ,];yhkpa muR nghUg;ghsuplk; nfhz;L Ngha; mtu; mk;kdpjuplk; xd;Wk; ,y;yhjij mwpe;J nfhz;lhy; mtUila fld; ,];yhkpa Ml;rpahsupd; nghUg;gpy; te;J tpLk;. mtu;

K];ypk;fspd; igj;Jypy; ,Ue;J mf;flid fld; fhuDf;F nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;." K];jj;uFy; t]hapy; ghf 2  gf;-490

,khk; ]hjpf; miy`p];]yhk; mtu;fs; ,e;j `jPij ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fisj; njhl;L mwptpj;J tpl;L gpd; mjpy; ,ijr; Nru;j;Jf; $wpAs;shu;fs;.

'mjpfkhd a`{jpfs; ,];yhj;ij Vw;gjw;F fhuzk; mtu;fs; ,];yhj;ij Vw;wjpd; gpd; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fs;> mtu;fisAk; jk; kitdp gps;isfs; midtiuAk; ,];yhkpa rKf ghJfhg;gpy; mq;fj;jtu;fshf khw;wp mjd; %yk; mtu;fSf;F Nrit nra;jNj MFk;"  c#Yy; fhgp gf;fk; 604

 

%d;whtJ cjhuzk;

nra;f; KgPj; (w`;) mtu;fs; k[hyp]; vd;w jdJ E}ypy; ,khk; ]hjpf; miy`p];]yhk; mtu;fs; $wpajhf ,e;j `jPij $wpAs;shu;fs;. ,khk; mtu;fs; nrhd;dhu;fs;:

'xUtu; kw;wtuplkpUe;J xUnjhifg; gzj;ijf; fdlhdg; ngw;W> mij jtuhd topapy; my;yJ tPd;tpuakhf nryT nra;a tpy;iy vdpwpUe;jhy; gpd;du; mij cupa Neuj;jpy; nfhLg;gjw;F rf;jp ,y;yhJ ,Ue;jhy; fld; nfhLj;jtu; my;yh`; mtUf;F cjtp nra;J mijf; nfhLf;fpd;w tiuf;Fk; mtu; fhj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mNj Neuj;jpy; ePjpahd xU jiytu; Ml;rp nra;J nfhz;bUe;jhy; mtu; kPJ ,e;jf; flidf; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;." ,t;tplak; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fsJ $w;Wg; gpufhuNkahFk;. ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fs; nrhd;dhu;fs;. ' xutu; kuzpf;Fk; NghJ cyfpy; nrhj;J gj;Jf;fis tpl;Lr; nrd;wpUe;jhy; mit midj;Jk; mtuJ mde;juf; fhuUf;fhFk;. ,d;Dk; ahuhfpDk; xUtu; fld; fhudhf cyif tpl;Lg; gpupe;jhy;> my;yJ xUtu; vt;tpj ghJ fhtyUk; ,y;yJ vt;tpj nghUSk; ,y;yhJ jd; kidtp gps;isfis tpl;Lr; nrd;wpUe;jhy;> mtu; vd;dplk; tul;Lk ehd; mtUila flidf; nfhLf;fpd;Nwd;;> ,d;Dk; mtuJ kidtp gps;isf;Fk; ghJ fhg;Gf; nfhLj;J mtu;fSf;F XusT gzTjtpAk; nra;fpd;Nwd; vd;whu;fs;> mg;NghJ  ,khk; ]hjpf; miy`p]; ]yhk; mtu;fs; ,ijAk; Nru;j;Jf; $wpdhu;fs; 'ehafk; ]y; yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fs; vijg; nghUg;Ngw;whu;fNsh mij K];ypk;fspd; jiytu;fSk; nghUg;Ngw;f Ntz;Lk; " K];jj;uFy; trhapy; ghf 2  gf; 492

NkYk; n\a;f; Fiydp ,d;Dk; n\a;f; J}]p mtu;fSk; jq;fsJ E}w;fspNy ,khk; ]hjpf; miy`p]; ]yhk; mtu;fs; nrhd;djhf mwptpj;Js;shu;fs; ' K];ypk;fspd; jiytu; K/kpdhdtu;fspd; fld;fisf; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;" g&Tf; fhgp ghf 1 gf; 354 > j`;jPg; n\a;f; ghfk; 2  gf;fk; 59.

 

ehd;fhtJ cjhuzk;

n\a;f; `{u; MKyp vd;gtu; jdJ t]hapY]; \PM vDk; E}ypy; $wpAs;shu;: 'xU ehs; ,khk; myp miy`p]; ]yhk; mtu;fs; $ghtpd; tPjp xOq;iffspNy ele;J nfhz;bUe;jhu;fs;> mg;NghJ jpbnud mtu;fsJ ghu;it mq;Nf kf;fspj;jpy; gpr;ir vLj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j xUtu; Nky; tpOe;jJ. `]uj; mtu;fs; vjpu;ghuhj ,f;fhl;rpiaf; fz;L ftiy nfhz;L mUfpy; ,Ue;jtu;fisg; ghu;j;Jr; nrhd;dhu;fs; ' ehk; ghu;j;Jf; nfhz;bUg;gJ vd;d? (,J ,];yhkpa ehl;bNy Viofs; ,Uf;f $lhJ vd;gij kiwKfkhf Rl;bf; fhl;Lfpd;whu;fs;) mtu;fs; gjpy; $wpdhu;fs;: mtu; xU fpwp];Jt kdpjuhFk;. tNahjpgj;ij mile;J tpl;lhu; ,jdhy; Ntiy nra;tjw;Fk; mtuplk; rf;jpapy;iy mj;NjhL jd; tho;f;ifiaf; nfhz;L nry;tjw;Fk; mtuplk; xd;Wk; ,y;iy ,jdhy; gpr;ir vLg;gjd; %yk; jdJ rptpaj;ijf; fopf;fpd;whu; vd;wdu;. ,khk; mtu;fs; ,e;j; gjpiyf; Nfl;lJk; ftiyAld; nrhd;dhu;fs;: ' mtu; ,isQdhf ,Uf;Fk; NghJ mtuplk; Ntiy thq;fpdPu; ,g;NghJ mtu; tNahgj;ij mile;jJk; mtiu tpl;L tpl;Bu;fs;? " gpd;du; ,khk; mtu;fs;> mk;kdpju; capu; thOfpd;w fhynky;yhk; fz;zpakhf jiy epkpu;e;J tho Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf  K];ypk;fspd; igj;Jy; khypypUe;J xUnjhifg; gzj;ij mtUf;F Cjpakhf xJf;fpdhu;fs;" t]hapY\; \PM fpjhGy; [p`hj;> mg;thG [p`hjpy; mJt;T ghlk; 19> `jPJ 1 

,e;j `jPJ rpy tplaq;fis njspT gLj;Jfpd;wJ.

1. ,];yhkpa ehl;bNy Vo;ikNah> ViofNsh ,Uf;f $lhJ. ,t;thW ,y;iy vd;wpUe;jhy; mkPUy; K/kpdPd;  miy`p]; ]yhk; mtu;fs; xU Vioiaf; fz;lJk; Mr;rpag;gl;bUf;f khl;lhu;fs;.

2. K];ypk;fspd; jiytu;> ,];yhkpa muR Vo;ikia ePf;f vLf;Fk; Kaw;rp ve;jsTf;F vd;why; ,khk; mtu;fs; Vioaf; fz;lJk; ftiyaile;J me;epiyapy; me;j Vo;ikia ,y;yhJ nra;fpd;whu;fs;.

3. ,];yhk; Xa;T+jpaj;ij rupahd Kiwapy; jpl;lkpl;L mij rKf cj;juthjj;jpy; (,d;Rud;]py;) Nru;j;Js;sJ. ,e;epiyapy; fpilg;gij xt;nthU Xa;T+jpak; ngw;wtu;fSf;Fk; nfhLf;fhJ NjitAilatu;fSf;F khj;jpuNk nfhLf;fpd;wJ. mj;NjhL ,];yhj;jpy; rKf cj;juthj Nritfs; vt;tpj nfhLg;gdTfSk; ngwhJ ,ytrkhfNt toq;fg; gLk;.

 

Ie;jhtJ cjhuzk;

n\a;f; Fiydp mtu;fs; mkPUy; K/kpdPd; mtu;fisj; njhl;Lk; mwptpj;Js;shu;fs;: [ky; Aj;jj;jpy; jy;`h> Rigu; Njhy;tpAw;w NghJ mtu;fsJ gil gpd;thq;fpf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. tPjpNahuj;jpy; ele;J nfhz;bUe;j fw;gpzpj;jha; ,ijf; fz;L mQ;rp nfhs;s mt;tplj;jpNyNa jd;gps;is capNuhL ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy; tpOe;J if fhy;fis mbj;Jf; nfhz;L kuzkile;jJ. mjd; gpwF jhAk; kuzpj;J ,UtUk; tPjpNahukhf kuzpj;J kz;zpd; rpj;jpukha; fple;jdu;.

mg;NghJ ,khk; myp miy`p];]yhk; mtu;fs; jd; gilAld; mt;topahf te;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ mtu;fsJ ghu;it me;j jhapdJk; gps;isapdJk; [dh]htpd; kPJ tpOe;jJ.

,khk; mtu;fs; mq;Nf epd;W mtu;fs; ,UtUf;Fk; ele;jtw;iw tpdtpdhu;fs;.

mjw;F kf;fs;> ah mkPUy; K/kpdPNd! ,J fw;gpzpahd xU ngz;. [ky; Aj;jj;jpy; fye;J nfhz;l gilfs; jpUk;gpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ ,g;ngz;zpy; gPjp mjpfupj;J mjd; %yk; kuzpj;jhy;.

mjw;F ,khk; mtu;fs; jha; gps;isapy; ahu; Kjypy; kuzpj;jJ? vd Nfl;lhu;. mjw;F $b epd;wtu;fs; Kjypy; gps;isAk; mjw;Fg; gpwF jhAk; vd gjpy; nfhLj;jdu;.

,khk; mtu;fs; mt;tplj;jpNyNa kuzpj;jtSila fztiu mioj;J mtUf;F mtUila gps;isf;F nrhe;jkhd gq;fpd; %d;wpy; ,uz;L gq;ifAk;> kidtpf;fhf xU gq;ifAk; nfhLj;jhu;fs;. gpd;du; ,khk; jha;f;F fpilj;j %d;wpy; xU gq;if ,uz;lhf gpupj;J mjpy; xd;iw mtsJ fztUf;F nfhLj;jhu;. kw;w xU gq;if mg;ngz;zpd; mde;juf; fhuUf;F nfhLj;jhu;fs;. (,J tapw;wpypUe;J tpOe;j gps;isapd; gupfhur; nrhj;jhFk; mijj; jhd; ,khk;> mtu;fSf;F kj;jpapy; gq;fpl;Lf; nfhLj;jhu;fs;)

gpd;du; miuthrpia ,khk; fhyQ; nrd;w mg;ngz;zpd; gupfhug; nghUshf ,uz;lhapuj;jp IE}W jpu;`j;ij mtsJ fztupj;jpy; mtd; kidtpd; mde;jur; nrhj;J vd mtUf;F nfhLj;jhu;. vQ;rpa kw;w miuthrpia mde;juf; fhuu;fSf; ,ilapy; gq;fpl;Lf; nfhLj;jhu;fs;. ,e;jg; gq;fPl;L mg;ngz; tpOe;J kuzpj;j gps;isia tpl NtW gps;is mtSf;F ,Uf;f tpy;iy vd;jw;fhFk;.

gpd;du; ,e;j epfo;it mwptpj;j mwptpg;ghsu; rk;tgj;jpd; filrpapy; ,t;thW nrhy;Yfpd;whu;: ,khk; myp miy`p]; ]yhk; mtu;fs; ,e;j gupfhug nghUis g]uhTila igJy; khypy; ,Ue;Nj nfhLj;jhu;fs;.

Mkhk;> kdpju;fspd; Njhitiag; G+u;j;jp nra;aTk; mtu;fSf;F Nru Ntz;ba nfhLg;gdTfs; mtu;fisr; nrd;wilaTk; ,];yhj;jpNy igj;Jy; khiyg; gad; gLj;jpdhu;fs;. Vnddpy; ,];yhj;jpy; xtUila cupikAk;> xUtUila ,uj;jKk; tPdhff; $lhJ vd;gjw;fhfj;jhd; ,t;thW ele;J nfhz;lhu;fs;.

 

nghUshjhuk;

,];yhj;jpy; nghUshjhu mikg;G vd;gJ: Rje;jpuj;jpd; mbg;gilapYk;> rKf kw;Wk; jdp egu; ePjpiaf; ftdj;jpy; nfhz;Lk;> rKfj;jpy; ,Uf;fpd;w gbj;juq;fspd; gpur;rpidfis jPu;j;J itj;J rKfj;jpw;F rpwe;j xU nghUshjhuj; njhlu;Gfis ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gilf; nfhs;iffs; nghUe;jpajhf ,];yhkpa rl;lq;fis xOq;F nra;jy; vd;gjhFk;.  ,jdbg;gilapy; ,];yhk; cyfpw;F rpwe;jNjhu; nghUshjhu Kiwia Kd; itf;fpd;wJ. Kjyhypj;Jtj;jpd; Nfhl;ghlhd ve;j topapyhdhYk; KbAkhd tiu nghUs; Nrfupg;gJ ,d;Dk; NrhrpahyP];k;> nfhkpdP];l;fspd; Nfhl;ghlhd jdpegu; Rje;jpuj;ijg; gupj;jy; ,d;Dk; nghUshjhu tplaq;fspy; rKfj;jpy; ,Ug;gtu;fis gpuNahrdg; gLj;jhky; ,Uj;jy; Nghd;w Nfhl;ghLifs vy;yhk; xJf;fp> ,];yhkpa nghUshjhuk; jdp egu;> rKfj;jpd; Msikia kjpj;J mtu;fisf; fz;zpag; gLj;jp> kdpjd; MFkhd `uhk; ,y;yhj; topfshy; cioj;J Nrfupj;j jdpegu; nrhj;Jf;fis \uPmj; nfhLg;gdtfis nfhLf;fpd;w epge;jidfSld; mij Vw;Wf; nfhs;sf; $baJ vd fUJfpd;wJ. Vnddpy; ,];yhkpa nghUshjhuj;jpd; jpl;lk; vg;NghJk; ,];yhkpa nfhs;if kw;Wk; m`;yhf;Fld; fye;Nj ,Uf;fpd;wJ. xt;nthUk; jd; kPJ th[pghf ,Uf;fpd;w nfhLg;gdTfis khu;f;f jiytUf;F my;yJ mtuJ gpujpepjpf;F nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. vdNt kpfTk; Ruf;fkhf ,];yhkpa nfhLg;gdTfis ,q;Nf jUfpd;Nwhk;.

 

ehd;F tpjkhd nfhLg;gdTfs;

1. Fk;];: xU tUlr; nryTfspy; ,Ue;J (mjhtJ tUlhz;j nryT> kw;Wk; jdJ jFjpf;Fk; me;j];Jf;Fk; Vw;w tifapy; tho;tjw;F NghJkhdij ftdpj;jpy; nfhz;L)  vQ;rpapUf;Fk; nrhj;jpypUe;J Ie;jpy; xd;iw (20% ,UgJ tPjj;ij) khu;f;f jiytUf;F my;yJ ku;[cj; jf;yPJf;F nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. mNjNghd;W jhd; RopNahbfs; %yk; ngwg;gLgit> GijnghUs; kw;Wk; VidaitfSf;Fk;> `uhkhd nghUSld; fye;jtw;Wf;Fk;> Aj;jj;jpy; fpilj;j nghUSf;Fk; NkNy $wpathW ,UgJ tPjk; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,ijg; gw;wpa G+uz tpsf;fq;fs; khu;f;f rl;l E}w;fspy; kpfTk; tpupthff; nfhLf;fg; gl;Ls;sJ.

2. ]fhj;: ]fhj; rpy Fwpg;gpl;l nghUl;fspNy flikahFk;. mit: NfhJik> ney;> <j;jk; gok;> gpshk;]; (fp];kp];)> jq;fk;> nts;sp> xl;lfk;> khL> ML mFk;. NfhJik> ney;> <j;jk; gok;> gpshk;]; (fp];kp];) Nghd;wtw;wpd; ]fhjpd; msT> mJ 847 fpNyh fpuhk; mile;jhy; mjd; nrytfisf; fopj;j gpd; mjw;Fwpa msitf; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. mjhtJ: Xil ePu;> kio ePuhy; ePu; gha;r;rg; gl;bUe;jhy; gj;J tPjKk; (10%)> my;yJ thyp Nghd;wjhy;  ePu; gha;r;rg; gl;bUe;jhy; Ie;J tPjKk; (5%)> mit ,uz;bdhYk; ePu; gha;r;rg; gl;bUe;jhy; Voiw tPjKk; (7.5%) nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. jq;fk; gjpide;J kp];fhy; ,Ue;jhy; ,d;Dk; nts;sp 105 kp];fhy; ,Ue;jhy; mit xt;nthd;wpy; ,Ue;Jk; ,uz;uiw tPjk; (2.5%) ]fhj; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. xl;lfk;> khL> ML xt;nthd;Wf;Fk; Fwpg;gpl;l msT ]fhJila msT ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mitfs; me;j msit mile;jpLk; NghJ mjw;Fwpa ]fhj;ijf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;.

3. fuh[; (epytu): K];ypk;fs; Aj;jj;jpd; NghJ fhgPu;fsplk; ,Ue;J vLj;j epytupfis ,];yhkpa muR mjpy; cw;gj;jp nra;ag; gLgitfis my;yJ mjd; ngWkjpia tptrhapfsplk; ,Ue;J muR> tptrhapfspd; tpUg;gj;jpd; Ngupy; ifr;rhj;jplg; gl;l xg;ge;jj;jpd; gb ngwNtz;Lk;.

4. [p];ah (kdpjtup): ,];yhkpa Ml;rp elf;Fk; ,lq;fspy; thOk; ,];yhk; my;yhj rpWghd;ikapdj;jplk; ,Ue;J ngwg; gLk; tup. ,e;epiyapy; mtu;fsplk; ,Ue;J Fk;];> ]fhj; ngwg;gl khl;lhJ.

,];yhkpa muR ,e;j ehd;F nfhLg;gdTfisAk; jtpu NtW ve;jf; nfhLg;gdTfisAk; ngw KbahJ.

 

,];yhj;jpy; igJy; khy;

,];yhk; NjitAilatu;fisf; ftdj;jpy; nfhz;L igj;Jy;khy; vDk; ngaupy; xU epiyaj;ij Vw;gLj;jp itj;Js;sJ. Vnddpy; xt;nthU rKj;jpYk; Ntiyapy;yhj> RftPdkhd> mq;ftPdkhd> ftdpg;ghuw;w> mehijfshd vj;jidNah Ngu; ,Uf;fpd;wu;. ,g;gbahdtu;fSf;F fl;lhak; cjtp nra;ag; glNtz;Lk;. mtu;fis ftdpg;gJ igJy;khypd; kPJ flikahFk;. igJy; khy; NkYs;sitfisf; ftdpj;Jf; nfhs;tJld; fhyj;jpd; khw;wj;jpw;Nfw;g  kf;fisAk; mtu;fSf;F NjitahditfisAk; mtu;fSf;F nra;J nfhLj;J mtu;fis Njitfis eptu;j;jp nra;a Ntz;Lk;. mNjNghd;W me;epa ehl;L cw;g;gj;jpfis vjpu; ghu;j;jpuhJ td;dk; tptrhaj;ij tpUj;jp nra;Ak; tifapYk; cw;gj;jpfis mjpfupf;fg;gjw;WFk; nghWj;jkhd ,lj;ijAk;> #oiyAk; mikj;Jf; nfhLg;gJ igJy;khYila nghWg;G. mNj Nghy; kf;fspd; fyhr;rhu tpUj;jp> ,];yhkpa fyhr;rhuj;jpd; tpUj;jp> nghJ Rfhjhuj;jpy; Kf;fpa ftdk;> nghJ kf;fSf;Fwpa nghJr; Rfhjhuj;jpw;F Njitahd cgfuzq;fisAk; mtu;fSf;Fwpa mbg;gil trjpfisAk; Vw;gLj;Jjy;>  nghUshjhuf; Fiwit eptu;j;jp nra;a jpUkz tplaj;jpy; rKj;jpy; ,Uf;fpd;w xt;nthUtiuAk; top elj;jy;> njhopYf;F xU Kjy; nfhLj;jy;> njhopYila ,lq;fis Vw;gLj;jy;> tPL> kUe;J tif> itj;jparhiy> gpuahzj;jpd; Kjy; fl;lq;fis Vw;gLj;jy;> gpuahzj;jpy; khl;bf; nfhz;ltu;fis mtu;fsJ Cu;fSf;F tho;f;ifj; jsq;fSf;F nfhz;L Nru;j;Jtply;> gbg;gjw;F cjTjy; ,J Nghd;w E}w;Wf; fzf;fhd NtW gy tplaq;fs; igJy; khYila nghWg;gpy; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. NjitAila xUtu; neubahf igJy; khy; mYtyfj;jpw;F nrd;W ,Nyrhd Kiwapy; jdJ Njitfia eptu;j;jp nra;a Ntz;Lk;. igJy;khYila nryTfSk;> Vida ehl;Lf;Fj; Njitahd nghUshjhuj;ijAk; ehl;bdJ tUkhdj;jpypUe;J ngwg;gLk;.

kWgwk; ,];yhkpa ehl;bNy gzpahsu;fs; FiwthfNt Nru;j;Jf; nfhs;sg; gLfpd;whu;fs;. ,d;iwa muRfspNy ,Uf;fpd;w mNefkhd mYtyfq;fs; ngWKNd moFf;fhfNt Vw;gLj;jg; gl;Ls;sJ. mjd; %yk; kf;fs; vt;tpj gpuNahrdq;fisAk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;whu;fs; my;y. ,g;gbg;gl;litfs; rKfj;jpw;F NjitAky;y. khwhf ,itfs; kf;fsJ khu;f;f> Gj;juPjpahd Rje;jpuq;fisAk; jil nra;fpd;wJ> ,g;gbg;gl;l mYtyfq;fs; ,Ug;gJ ,];yhkpa murpy; jil> `uhkhf;fg; gl;Ls;sJ. muRld; njhlu;Gila mNefkhd Ntiyj; jpl;lq;fis kf;fs; Rje;jpukhf jdJ nrhe;j KjyPl;ilf; nfhz;L nghJ kf;fSf;Fwpa gzpfis nra;fpd;wdu;. ( rpy Mz;LfSf;F Kd; Nkw;Fyf ehLfspy; xd;W gy kpy;ypahu;j; fzf;fhd nlhyu; epjpf; Fiwthy; jLkhwpf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. Mdhy; mtu;fs; ,];yhkpa top fhl;liyf; filgpbj;J ele;J nfhz;ljhy;> mjhtJ ehl;L mYtyfq;fspy; ,Uf;fpd;w Nkyjpfkhd gzpahw;fis Fiwj;J mitfis

%bajhy; epjpf; Fiwit eptu;j;jp nra;aJ khj;jpuky;yhJ Mapuf;fzf;fhf kpy;ypad; nlhyu;fisAk; Nky; kpr;rkhf Nrkpj;Jf; nfhz;lJ)

Kbthf ,];yhkpa muRfspd; nryTfs; Fiwe;J nghJ kf;fSf;F Nru Ntz;bait Nrfupg;gJ mjpfupj;Js;sJ. jdpahu; tq;fpfs; kw;Wk; ,];yhkpa rl;ljpl;lq;fSf;F mika elf;Fk; kdpju;fs; %ykhfNt nghUshjhuj;jpd; rf;fuk; Rw;Wfpd;wJ.  ,];yhkpa tq;fpspNy vt;tpjkhf tl;bfSk; fpilahJ.

 

ghJfhg;G gilAk; mjd; rl;lq;fSk;

,];yhj;jpy; ghJfhg;G gilAk; mjd; rl;lq;fs; gw;wp kpfTk; mofhf tpgupf;fg; gl;Ls;sJ. ,];yhj;jpy; ghJfhg;G gzp RatpUg;gkhFk; mjpy; gyhj;fhuj;jpw;F ,lkpy;iy. Mdhy; fhyj;jpd; Njit mtrpakhfpd;w NghJk; mJ khu;f;f mwpQu;fshy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg; gLfpd;wNghJk; fl;lhak; midtUk; mjpy; fye;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,jd; gb ,];yhkpa muR xt;nthU fpuhkj;jpYk; mjw;nfd;nw xU ghJfhg;G jyj;ij mj;jpatrpa MAjq;fSld; Vw;gLj;jp itf;f Ntz;Lk;. kf;fs; jq;fSf;F Xa;thd Neuq;fspy; -nts;spf; fpoik Nghd;w ehl;fspy;- mq;Nf te;J vt;tpj ghFghLkpd;wp ,Nyrhd Kiwapy; mij fw;gpw;fNtz;Lk;. ,d;Dk; mtu;fSf;F ghJfhg;G gw;wpa mtu;fSf;F nrhy;ypf; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,jd; gb nra;fpd;wNghJ ghJ fhg;Gg; gilf;fhf nryT nra;ag;gLk; ngUe;njhifg; gzj;ij kpr;rg; gLj;jp mij kw;w NtiyfSf;fhf gad; gLj;j KbAk;. kWGwk; kf;fspy; xt;nthUtiuAk; ,e;j Kf;fpakhd tplj;jpy; fye;J nfhs;s itj;J> mNjNeuj;jpy; mtu;fis jq;fsJ FLk;gj;ij tpl;Lk; J}ukhf;fhJ ,Uf;fTk; KbAk;. ,d;Dk; njhopy; my;yJ gbg;igj; njhlu;jy; mJ Nghd;w ,d;Dk; vj;jid tplaq;fis tpl;Lk; mtu;fis jLj;J epWj;jhJ itf;fTk; KbAk;.

,];yhk; jdJk; K];ypk;fspdJk; ghJfhg;gpw;F Njitahd MAjq;fis jahupg;gij> itj;Jf; nfhs;tij fl;lha mtrpankd fUJfpd;wJ. ,ijg; gw;wp my;Fu;Md; $Wk; NghJ ,t;thW nrhy;fpd;wJ: 'mtH (epuhfhpg;gtH)fis vjpHg;gjw;fhf cq;fshy; ,ad;w msT gyj;ijAk;> jpwikahd Nghu;f; FjpiufisAk; Maj;jg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;;" (#uh md;/ghy; trdk; 60) Mdhy; ,];yhk; Aj;jj;ij tpUk;ghJ rkhjhdj;ij tpUk;Gk; Xu; khu;f;fkhFk;. ,ijg; gw;wp Fu;Md; ,t;thW $Wfpd;wJ: '<khd; nfhz;ltHfNs! ePq;fs; rkhjhdj;jpYk; ghJfhg;gpYk; Eioe;JtpLq;fs;;" (#uh gfuh trdk; 208) ,];yhk; vt;tifahd mj;JkPuy;fisAk; mopr;rhl;baq;fisAk; rupahdnjdf; fUJfpd;wJ my;y. cs; ehl;bYk; ntsp ehLfspYk; G+uz rkhjhdj;jpd; ghYk; ghJfhg;gpd; ghYk; mioj;J mitfisg; ghJfhf;fpd;wJ. ve;j nthU ehlhfpDk; ,];yhkpa muRld; rkhjhd Kiwapy; ele;J nfhs;s xg;ge;jq;fis nra;a Kd; te;jhy; mij Kf kyu;Tld; Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;wJ. 'mtHfs; rkhjhdk; nra;Ak; Nehf;fj;NjhL te;jhy;> ePq;fSk; mij Vw;Wf; nfhs;tPuhf!" (#uh md;/ghy; trdk; 61 ) vd;w trdj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; rkhjhdj;ijAk; mikjpiaAk; cyfpw;F md;gspg;ghf nfhLf;fpd;wJ.

 

rKf rPu;NfLfs;

,];yhk; cs;ehl;L tplaq;fspy; ,d;Dk; kf;fSf;F ghJ fhg;ig Vw;gLj;Jtjpy;> mtu;fis rpwe;j Kiwapy; thoitf;f> kdpju;fis kdpjg; Gdpju;fshf tho itf;f mbg;gilapy; rpwe;j Kiwpay; rpe;jpf;fpd;wJ ,t;tplaj;jpy; FWfpa tl;lj;jpw;Fy; rpe;jpf;f tpy;iy. mOf;Ffis ,y;yhnjhopf;fTk;> rKfj;ij rpd;dh gpd;dkhf;Fk; Fw;wr; nray;fis mopj;J tplTk;> ,itfs; nra;ag;gLtjw;fhd fhuzq;fis ftdj;jpy; nfhz;L> mit Vo;ik> grp> mwpahik> fyhr;rhukpy;yhik> Mir> czu;r;rpfSf;F fl;Lg; gLjy;> nghwhik> Nfhgk;> rKf kw;Wk; Md;khg; gpur;rpidfspd; vy;iyf;F mg;ghy; ,y;iy> mitfis vjpu;j;J epd;W Vo;ikiaAk; mjd; fhuzq;fisAk; ,y;yhJ nra;J> njhopy; trjpfis Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLj;J Ntiyapy;yhjtu;fSf;F Ntiy tha;g;Gf;fisf; nfhLj;J mtu;fis ntw;wpapd; gf;fk; top fhl;Lfpd;wJ. ,d;Dk; jpUl;L nray;fs; nra;tijAk; kpf Nkhrkhd> mOf;fhd tplaq;fspy; tpOtijAk; jil nra;fpd;wJ. my;Nfhy; cs;s Fbghzq;fisf; Fbg;gijj; jil nra;J Rw;whly; kw;Wk; tpisahl;L> Rw;Wyh gazq;fis Nkw; nfhz;L ,isQu;fis Kbg;gof;fj;jpy; khl;bf; nfhs;tjpy; ,Ue;J jLj;J mtu;fis fz;zpakhf tho Ntz;Lk; vd;w Nfhl;ghl;il mtu;fspy; tpijf;fpd;wJ. ,isQu;> Atjpfis rupahd Kiwapy; gapw;Wtpg;gJ nfhz;Lk; mtu;fsf;F m`;yhf; ey;nyhOf;fk; gw;wpa gy fUj;juq;Ffis elj;jp xOf;fj;ijAk; gj;jpdp jdj;ijAk; ftdj;jpy; nfhz;L> Fwpg;ghf nghLNghf;fhf elf;Fk; ngz;fs;> xOq;fhd `p[hig mzpahj Atjpfs;>  mtu;fis tpl;Lk; khdf; Nflhd tplaq;fis jil nra;J ntw;fj;ijAk; gj;jpdp jd;ikiaAk; rKfj;jpw;F md;gspg;ghf nfhLf;fpd;wJ. Kiwg;gb thOjy;> Neu;topia miltjw;fhf filg;gobf;Fk; rupahd top Kiwfis Kd; itj;J ftiyfspd; Ntu;fis> cstpay; rk;ge;jkhd jhf;fq;fis kf;fis tpl;Lk;

J}ukhf;fp rKfk; xOf;f epiyg;ghl;bypUe;Jk; Md;kPf rk;ge;jg; gl;litapypUe;J tpOtij tpl;Lk; jLf;fpd;wJ. re;Njfg; ghu;it> Nkhrkhd vz;zk;> nghwhik> go;f;Fg; gop thq;Fjy; Nghd;w tplaq;fspd; mbg;gilia jfu;j;njupe;J mjw;Fg; gjpyhf kd;dpg;G vd;gij itj;Js;sJ. nghUshjhu kw;Wk; rKf gpur;rpidfis igJy; khiyf; nfhz;L jPu;j;J itfpd;wJ. tuyhWk;  ,ijNa epUgpf;fpd;wJ. Vnddpy; ehd;F E}w;whz;Lfspy; ,];yhk; ,e;j gue;J tpupe;j gpugQ;rj;jpd; miwthrpf;Fk; Nkyhdjpy; ,Ue;j epiyapy; jpUl;Lf;fhf Ntz;b MW NgUf;F Nky; ,];yhkpa rl;lj;ij eil Kiwg;gLj;j Kbatpy;iy. Vnddpy; mit rKfj;jpw;F kj;jpapy; ,Uf;f tpy;iy vd;Nw $wNtz;Lk;.

,];yhj;jpy; Fw;wr; nraYf;Fwpa jz;lid kpfTk; mtrukhf eil Kiwg;gLj;jg; gLtJld; mJ tiuaiw nra;ag;gl;bUg;gJk; ,];yhj;jpd; NtnwhU rpwg;gk;rkhFk;. ,jd; gb ,d;iwa cyfpy; Fw;wk; vd fUjg;gLk; mNefkhd Fw;wq;fs; ,];yhkpa fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; epuhfupf;fg; gl;ljhFk;. ,jd; gb ,];yhkpa Ml;rpapy; ,d;W ghtpf;fg; gLk; gue;jsthd Kiwapy; rpiwr;rhiy Njitapy;iy. khwhf ,];yhkpa rl;lq;fspNy nrhy;yg; gl;Ls;s Fwpg;gpl;l jz;lidfis toq;FtJld; Fw;wk; Fw;wj;jpw;fhd jz;lid gw;wpa tplaq;fs; cldbahf Kbe;J tpLk;.  Mdhy; rpy jtWfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd ,];yhj;jpy; mjw;fhf rpiwj; jz;lidNa vd njspthf;fpAs;sJ. cjhuzkhf nry;te;ju; xUtuplk; nfhLj;jitfis Nfl;Fk; xUtiu myl;rpakhf fUjpdhy; ,g;gbg;gl;l nry;te;jiu rpiwapyilf;FkhW ,];yhk; fl;lis tpjpj;Js;sJ.

 

ePjp> jPu;g;G

ePjp kd;wq;fspNy Njitf;fpy;yhj gy gjtpfisf; nfhLj;J itj;jpUg;gijj; jtpu;j;J ePjpkd;wk; K];ypk;fspd; Raghtidapy; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; ,JNt rpwe;j ePjp toq;fy; KiwahFk;. Kiwg;ghLs;s xUtu; Neubahf ePjpgjpaplk; nrd;W tplaj;ijf; $wp mtUila jPu;g;G jhkjkpd;wp mtrukhf toq;fg;gl;LtpLk;. ,jd;gb ,]; yhkpa mbg;gilapd; gb ePjpgjp K/kpdhdtuhfTk;> ePjkhdtuhfTk;> ePjp rk;ge;jg; gl;l tplaq;;fis mwpe;jtuhfTk; ,Ug;gNjhL fhy mtfhrj;ij ePbf;fhJ midj;J thjhl;lq;fisAk; Muha;e;J> ePjkhd rhl;rpahsu;fisAk; Ma;Tf;Fs;shf;fp ,];yhkpa fl;lisg; gb ePjkhd Kiwapy; jPu;g;G toq;f Ntz;Lk;. ,jd; gb ,];yhk; Ml;rp nrYj;jpa NghJ mjpfkhd kf;fs; thOk; efuq;fis xNu xU ePjpgjpNa ftdpj;J te;jhu;. ,g;NghJ ,Uf;fpd;wthW mg;NghJ vt;tifahd ePjpg; gpur;rpidfSk; ,Uf;f tpy;iy.