gp];kpy;yh`pu; u`;khdpu; u`Pk;

fz;Lf;fhJ ,Uf;f Kbahj xU tplak;

Kjyhk; gpupT

fjPu; `{k; epfo;Tfs;

1) Vfj;Jtk;

,khkj; t`papdJ KjyhtJk; ,WjpAkhd fl;lisahFk;

,iwtJ gz;Gfs; (rpgj;Jf;fs;)

egpfs; ehafj;jpDAil gpujpepjpfs;

,iwtdJ cau;e;j gd;Gfs;

\PM thDyf ehkk;

02) mj;y; vDk; ,iw ePjp

m`;Yy; igj; miy`p];]yhk; t`pAila FLk;gk;

03) EGt;tj; vDk; egpj;Jtk;

ehafj;Jila kfs;

topfhl;b ahu;?

KjyhtJ ,khk;

egp ahu;? mtiu mwpAk; Kiwfs; vJ?

,uz;lhtJ ,khk;

egpkhu;fs; ,U tifg; gLk;

%d;whk; ,khk;

ngUkhdhu; egpfs; ehafk; mtu;fs;

ehd;fhk; ,khk;

KjyhtJ K/kPd;fs;

Ie;jhtJ ,khk;

kjpdhit Nehf;fp gazk;

MwhtJ ,khk;

jPd; Jd;ahtpdJ jiytu; topfhl;b

VohtJ ,khk;

`[;[j;Jy; tpjhTk; mjw;Fg; gpd; epfo;e;jitfSk;

vl;lhtJ ,khk;

my;Fu;Md; ,Wjp egpapd; Nguw;Gjk;

xd;gjhtJ ,khk;

my; Fu;Mdpd; vspikAk; ,yf;fpaKk;

gj;jthJ ,khk;

my; Fu;Mdpy; khw;wkpy;iy

gjpNdhuhtJ ,khk;

Fu;Midg; khw;wj;jpypUe;J ghJfhf;Fk; fhuzpfs;

gdpnuz;lhtJ ,khk;

04) ,khkj; vDk; jiyikj;Jtk

5) kMj;

,khk; ,Ug;gjd; mtrpak;

kuzj;jpd; gpd;Ds;s Mr;rupakhd cyfk;.

,khik epu;zapg;gJ ahUila nghWg;G

kWik ehSk;>nray;fspd; VLk;.

 

gp];kpy;yh`pu; u`;khdpu; u`Pk;

,iwtidg; Gfo;e;J mtdJ gilg;Gf;fspy; rpwe;jtuhd K`k;kJ K];jgh ]y;yy;yh`{miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fs; kPJk; md;dhupd; gupRj;j FLk;gj;jpduhd m`;Yy; igj;Jf;fs; kPJk; my;yh`{ila rhe;jpAk;

]yhthj;Jk; cz;lhtjhf vd Ntz;bajd; gpd;...

tho;ifapd; rpwe;j ahg;ghd ,];yhj;jpd; rl;l jpl;lq;fis mwpe;J mjd; gb jdJ tho;f;ifia mikj;Jf; nfhs;shJ ntWKNd jd;id xU K];ypk; vd;W $WtJ xU cz;ikahd K];ypKf;F rupay;y. Vnddpy; xU kdpju; cau;thd rl;l jpl;lq;fspd; gbAk; ,];yhj;jpd; cau; top fhl;lypd; gbAk; jdJ rpwe;j tho;f;ifia mikj;Jf; nfhs;tJ xU cz;ikahd K];ypKf;F mtrpakhFk;. nfhs;if rk;ge;jkhd jdJ mwpit tsu;j;Jf; nfhz;L mjw;F cld; gl;L thOfpd;w NghJ mtu; cz;ikahd K];ypkhf ,Ug;ghu;. mj;NjhL ,t;TyfpapYk; kWikapYk; ntw;wp ngw;W Rtdj;jpy; Eiothu;.

,jd; gb ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gil tplaq;fisAk; cau;thd rl;l jpl;lq;fisAk; mwpe;J mjd;gb jdJ tho;f;if mikj;Jf; nfhs;tJ xt;nthU K];ypKf;Fk; mtrpakhFk;.

,];yhj;jpd; cau; Qhdq;fs; %d;W tifg; gLk;

1) jPdpd; mbg;gil tplaq;fs; (c#Yj; jPd;)

2) jPDld; rk;ge;jg; gl;;l tplaq;fs; (G&cj;jPd;)

3) ey;nyhYf;fk; ( mf;yhf;)

,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gil tplaq;fspy; ek;gpf;if nfhz;L mjidnahl;ba gpupTfspd; gb mky; nra;J ey;nyhOf;fj;jpy; jd; tho;f;ifia mikj;J nfhz;l xUtu; ,U cyfj;jpYk; ntw;wp milthu;.

 

Kjyhk; gpupT

c#Yj; jPd; vdg; gLk; ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gil tplaq;fs; Ie;J>

1) jt;`Pj; ( Vfj;Jtk;)

2) mj;y; ( ,iw ePjp)

3) EGt;tj; ( egpj;Jtk;)

4) ,khkj; ( jyikj;Jtk;)

5) kMj; ( kWik)

 

1) Vfj;Jtk;

midj;JyifAk; gilj;jtd; my;yh`; Mthd;. cyfpYs;s midj;Jg; nghUl;fSk; my;yh`;tpd; mwpTf;Fk; ty;yikf;Fkhd rhd;Wfshf tpsq;Ffpd;wd. kdpjdpd; mfta-Gwta mk;rq;fs;> capupdq;fs;> tpj;Jfs;> Gw;g+z;Lfs;> el;rj;jpuq;fs; Kjypa midj;J mk;rq;fspYk; my;yh`;tpd; ty;yikAk; ,Ug;Gk; CH[pjkhfpd;wd. gpugQ;r rpU\;bfspd; Mo mfyq;fs; gw;wp mjpfkhf rpe;jid nra;tjd; %ykhf ,iwtdJ kfpik> rf;jp> mwpT El;gk; Kjyh dtw;iw ed;F Ghpe;J nfhs;s KbAk;.

kdpjdJ mwpTk; rpe;jidAk; mjpfupf;fpd;w NghJ> my;yh`;tpdJ mwpT> El;gk; kw;Wk; ty;yik gw;wpa Gjpa rhd;Wfs; kdpjHfSf;Ff; fpilf;fpd;wd. rpe;jid tpUj;jpAk; Vw;gLfpd;wJ. ,r;rpe;jidNa> kdpjHfs; jpde;NjhWk; my;yh`;it Nerpg;gjw;F Kf;fpa fhuzkhf miktJld;> mtdstpyhd neUf;fj;jpw;F toptFf;Fk; rpwg;gk;rkhfTk; mikfpd;wJ.

 

,iwtJ gz;Gfs; (rpgj;Jf;fs;)

Kbtpy;yhj ,iwtDf;F gupG+uzkhd mofpa gd;gfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd mitfs;:

mwpT: ,iwtd; jdJ gilg;gpdq;fspy; rpwpa ngupajpdjpd; mit vq;fpUe;jhYk; rup mtu;fsJ cs;sq;fspy; vd;d ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;gtw;iw vy;yhk; ed;fwpe;jtd; MFk;.

ty;yik: mtd; vy;yhtw;wpd; kPJk; rf;jp ty;yik nfhz;ltdhFk;. gilj;jy;> cztspj;jy;> kuzpf;fr; nra;jy; ,d;Dk; xd;iw ,y;yhJ nra;jy; mtidg; Nghy; my;yhj vy;yhr; rf;jpfis vy;yhk; gilj;Js;shd;.

capu; tho;gtd;: ,t;Tyfj;jpy; tho;f;ifAk; kuzKk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ,itfs; vg;NghJk; ,y;yhj; xd;wpypUe;J cUntLg;gJ Kbahj fhupakhFk;. mwpTk; ty;yikAk; `ahj;jhf capNuhL ,Ug;gJld; Nru;e;J ,Ug;gitfs; MFk;. capNuhL ,y;yhJ rf;jp ty;yik nfhz;ltd; vd;gJ fUj;jpy;yhj Gj;jp rhJ}u;akhd xU tplaky;y.

ehLgtd;: ,iwtDf;F cs;sJ vd ,ij epUgpf;f Kidtnjy;yhk; mtd; jd; nray;fspy; gyhjfhukhdtdy;y vd;gij mile;J tplj;jhd;. mtd; vt;tpj ehl;lKk; czu;Tkpy;yhJ ey;y thriziaj; jUk; xU G+g; Nghd;wtd; my;y.

czu;Ts;sd;: mtd; vy;yhtw;iwAk; czUk; mwpT nfhz;ltd;. mtd;; midj;ijAk; ghu;f;fpd;whd; vy;yhtw;iwAk; Nfl;fpd;whd; mJ rj;jkpy;yhJ ,Ue;jhYk; rupNa.

vg;NghJKs;std;: mtd; vg;NghJk; ,Ue;jtd; vg;NghJk; ,Uf;f$batd;. Vnddpy; ,t;Tyfk; mtd; ,Ug;gij epUgpf;fpd;wJ. mJ vg;NghJk; mtid Njitg;gl;ljhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mJ ,Ug;gJ mtdJ ehl;lj;jpNy jq;fpAs;sJ. ,jd; gb cyfk; GJikahd xd;W mJ mtd; njitAljhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. Mdhy; mtd; mjw;nfy;yhk; Kjd;ikahdtd; NkYk; vjd; ghYk; mtd; Njitaw;wtd; MFk;.

Ngritg;gtd;: mtd; jdJ cz;ikahd mbahsu;fSld; egpkhu;fSld; my;yJ kyf;Fkhu;fSld; Ngr tpUk;Gk; Nghnjy;yhk; NgRthd;. mjhtJ rj;jj;ij gilf;fpd;whd;.

cz;ikahsd;: mtd; nrhy;tnjy;yhk; cz;ikahFk;. mtdJ thf;Ffspy; xU NghJk; Vkhw;wk; fpilahJ. mNj Nghy; ,iwtd; gilg;gtd;>cztspg;gtd;> nfhil ty;yy;> ,uf;fKilatd;> md;Gfhl;Lgtd;> ghtq;fis kd;dpg;gtd; MFk;.

 

,iwtdJ cau;e;j gd;Gfs;

my;yh`; FiwghLs;s gd;gfis tpl;Lk; gupRj;jkhdtd;. mjhtJ my;yh`{jMyh vt;tpjkhd gopg;Gf;Fwpa FiwghLfs; cs;s gd;gfis tpl;Lk; J}ukhdtd;. vy;yh tpjj;jpYk; gupG+uzj;Jtk; mile;jtd;. mtd; cUtk; nfhz;bUg;gjw;F vq;fisg; Nghd;w xU gilg;gy;y. my;yJ gy tifahd nghUl;fisf; nfhz;Lk; cUthfp ,Ug;gtd; my;y. my;yJ ,t;TyfpNyh my;yJ kW cyfpNyh njhl;Lg; my;yJ fz;fshy; ghu;g;gjw;F Vw;wthW ,Ug;gtd; my;y.

mtd; jd;id khw;wp khw;wp nfhs;tJ ek;ikg; Nghd;W cUtk; nfhz;ltd; my;y ,jdhy; mtd; Neha; glkhl;lhd;> mtDf;F grp Vw;g;gl khl;lhJ> J}f;fk; tuhJ> tNahjpgk;> Nrhk;gup jd;ik mtdpy; ,y;iy.

mtDf;F ,izahf xd;Wk; ,y;iy. mtd; jdpikahdtd;. mtdJ gd;Gfs; midj;Jk; mtd; jhj;Nj MFk;. mtd; vq;fis my;yJ NtW gilg;Gf;fisg; Nghd;wtd; my;y. my;yh`{jMyh vy;yhtw;iw tpl;Lk; Njitaw;wtd; kw;wit vy;yhk; mtd; ghNy NjitAlajhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ.

 

02) mj;y; vDk; ,iw ePjp

,iwtd; ePjpahdtdhFk;. midtuJ cupikAk; `f;FfSk; mtdplk; ghJfhg;ghf ,Uf;fpd;wd. mtd; ahUila `f;ifAk; cupikiaAk; tPdhf;f khl;lhd;. ,d;;Dk; xU fhuzk; ,y;yhJ gilg;gpdq;fSf;F kj;jpapy; gpupj;Jg; ghu;f;f khl;lhd;.

nghJthf ,t;Tyfj;jpy; ePjp epiy ehl;lg; gl Ntz;Lk;. ePjp toq;Fjypy; Kd;Dupik nfhLg;gJ epge;jidahFk;. mjhtJ xU tFg;gpy; gy khztu;fs; ,Uf;fpd;w NghJ mtu;fsJ juq;fSf;Fk; mwpTfSf;Fk; Vw;wthW Gs;spfis toq;f Ntz;Lk;. khwhf mtu;fs; midtUf;Fk; rkkhd Gs;spfs; toq;ff; $lhJ.

nghJthf ePjpapy;yhjJ vd;gJ xUtUf;Fwpa cupikia mtUf;F ,y;yhJ nra;tjhFk;. cyfpy; ,Uf;Fk; mj;jid gilg;GfSf;Fk; my;yh`;tpd; gilg;G> gilj;j tpjq;fs;> tho;f;ifapy; ePj kw;wtd; vd;W $wp ,iwtdpd; kPJ gpur;rpidg; gLtjw;Fk; mtd; ePj kw;wtd; vd;W $Wtjw;Fk; mtu;fs; kPJ vt;tpj cupikAk; ,y;iy. mePjp vd;gJ mwpahikahSk;> ,ayhikahYk; gjtpfSf;fhfTk; Vw;g;gLk; xd;whFk;. ,it midj;ij tpl;Lk; my;yh`; J}a;ikahdtd;. mtd; mwpQk;> Ed;dwpT nfhz;ltd;. vr;nraiyiaAk; ed;ikf;fhNt md;wp nra;a khl;lhd;. Vit vy;yhk; gilg;gpdq;fSf;F nfhLf;fg; gl;lNjh my;yJ mtu;fsplkpUe;J vLf;fg; gl;lNjh mit midj;Jk; fzf;F tof;fpy;yhJ mjpy; ed;ikapy;yhJ ,Uf;f tpy;iy. mit vq;fsJ FWfpa tiuaiu ahd ghu;itf;F gpuNahrzk; mw;wjhf njd; gl;lhy; mjw;F ekJ FWfpa tl;l rpe;jidNa fhuzkhFk;. cjhuzkhd itj;jpau; xU Nehahspapd; epyikiaf; ftdpj;J nfhLf;fpd;whu;. ehk; mjd; eyTila tpN\l jd;ikia mwpajtu;fshf ,Ug;gpDk; rupNa.

`jpJfspNy mwptpf;fg; gl;Ls;sJ xU Kiw `]uj; %]h miy`p]; ]yhk; mtu;fs; my;yh`{jMyhtplk; cyfpy; mtd; ePjp toq;Fk; tpjq;fspy; rpyij fhz;gpf;FkhW Ntz;bf; nfhz;lhu;. mg;NghJ mtUf;F ghiy tdj;jpw;Fr; nrd;W mq;F ,Uf;fpd;w xU Cw;Wf;F mUfpy; kiwthf ,Ue;J elg;gtw;iw ghu;f;FkhW t`p mwptpf;fg; gl;lJ.

`]uj; %]h miy`p]; ]yhk; nrd;whu;. mq;Nf xUtu; Fjpiuapy; Vwpf; nfhz;L tUtijAk; mtu; mt;Tw;wpf;F mUfpy; ,wq;fp rw;W Neuk; Xa;ntLj;J tpl;L mq;fpUe;J Ngha; tpl;lhu;. mtu; jdJ gzg;igia mq;Nf tpl;L tpl;Lg; Ngha; ,Ue;jhu;. gpd; rpwpJ Neuj;jpd; gpd; mq;F xU rpWtu; te;J mg;gzg;ig vLj;Jf; nfhz;L Nghdhu;. mjd; gpd; mt;topahy; fz;ghu;itaw;w xUtu; TO nra;tjw;fhf mt;T+w;wbf;F te;jhu; mr;re;ju;g;gjpy; Fjpiuapy; te;jtu; kwjpapy; tpl;Lg; Nghd gzg; igiaj; Njb te;jhu;. mijf; fhzhj mtu; fzl njupahj mtiur; re;Njfpj;J thf;F thjg; gl;L ,Wjpapy; mtiuf; nfhiy nra;J tpl;lhu;.

,ijg; ghu;j;Jf; nfhzbUe;j `]uj; %]h miy`p]; ]yhk; mtu;fs; ,e;epfo;Tfspd; %yk; kpFe;j jhf;fj;jpw;Fs;shfp ,Ue;jhu;fs;. mg;NghJ my;yh`; mtu;fSf;F> Va; %]hNt! ftiyg; glhNj Vnddpy; Fjpiuapy; Vwp te;j mtu; me;j rpW gps;isapd; je;ijapd; gzj;ij fsT nra;J ,Ue;jhu;. ehk; mij mjd; thuprhd mg;gps;isf;F kPl;bf; nfhLj;Njhk;. NkYk; ,e;j fz; ghu;itaw;w kdpju; Fjpiuapy; te;jtUila je;ijia nfhiy nra;jpUe;jhu;. mg;NghJ mtuJ jz;lidiaAk; mtUf;F Nru itj;Njhk; vd t`p mwptpj;jhd;.

,J jhd; cyfj;jpy; toq;fg; gLk; my;yh`;tpd; ePjpf;F cjhuzkhFk;. Mdhy; kWikapy; elf;Fk; ePjpfs; mit kWik ehspy; ek; midtUf;Fk; njspthFk;.

 

03) EGt;tj; vDk; egpj;Jtk;

,t;tplj;ijg; gw;wp nrhy;tjw;F Kd; ,e;j tplaq;fis tpgupg;gJ mtrpakhFk;. kdpjidg; gilj;jjd; Nehf;fk; vd;d? mtd; ntWKNd mirf;fhf gilf;fg; gl;Ls;shdh?

,];yhkpa fpue;jq;fspNy (my; Fu;Md; trdq;fs;> `jPJfs;) kdpjd; gilf;fg; gl;ljpd; Nehf;fq;fis tpgupg;gjw;fhf gy Nehf;fq;fs; $wg; gl;Ls;sd. mit midj;jpdJk; $l;lhd fUj;J kdpjidg; gilj;jjd; ,Wjp Nehf;fk; kdpjDila rpwg;gpdJ guhkupg;gpd; fPo; jd;id G+uzg; gLj;jtjhFk;.

'' tzq;Ftjw;fhf md;wp kdpju;fidAk; [pd;fisAk; ehlk; gilf;f tpy;iy"" (#uh jhupMj; trdk; 56)

cz;ikapy; mbahd; vd;gJ kdpjidg; guhkug;gjpYk; mtid G+ukilar; nra;tjpYk;> mtdJ guhgkupg;gpYk; kdpjj; jd;ikapd; cau;Tf;fhd vt;tifahd tzf;fj;jpYk; jd;idAk; Nru;j;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wJ. ,iw NrhjidAk;> gupl;irAk; ,jd; mbg;gilapy; jhd; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ''my;yh`; cq;fspy; vtu;fs; ed;ikahy; mofhdtu;fs; vd;gij Nrhjpj;jg; ghu;g;gjw;fhfNt kuzj;ijAk; tho;itAk; gilj;Js;shd;"" (#uh Ky;f; trdk; 2)

,d;Dk; '' mtd; jhd; gpujpepjpfshf cq;fis G+kpapy; Mf;fpAs;shd;. NkYk; mtd; cq;fSf;F nfhLj;Js;stw;wpy; cq;fisr; Nrhjpg;gjw;fhf rpyiu kw;wtiu tplTk; cau;j;jpAKs;shd;"" (#uh md;Mk; trdk; 169)

,q;F xd;iwf; ftdpf;f Ntz;Lk;> ,iw Nrhjid vd;gJ kdpju;fspd; elj;ij fhuzkhf Vw;g;gLk; mtdJ ,Wjp epyik gw;wpa mwpT ,iwtDf;F ,y;iy vd;gij epUgpf;fpd;wJ vdf; fUjf; $lhJ. khwhf ,r;Nrhjid kdpjdpy; kiwe;J ,Uf;fpd;w mtdJ Mw;wy;fis ntspf; nfhz;L tUk; xU fhuzpahFk;. ,e;j Nrhjidfs; kdpju;fspy; kiwe;J ,Uf;fpd;w ghtpg;gjw;fhfTk;> mtDila Mw;wy;fis ntspapy; vLf;Fk; Nehf;fj;JlNd Vw;g;gLj;jg; gl;Ls;sJ. ,ijf; ftdj;jpy; nfhz;L Nrhjid vd;gJ> ed;ik jPik fpilf;Fk; ,lq;fis mwpe;J nfhs;tjw;F xU fhuzpahf ,Uf;fpd;wJ.

RUq;ff; $wpd;: kdpjd; rpe;jidAld; jd; tho;f;ifia mikj;J G+uzk; miltjw;F tPU eil NghJk; NghJ mwpTk;> mkYk; mtDf;F fpilf;fpd;wJ. ,J njhlu itf;f Ntz;Lkhapd; mJ xU top fhl;b %yNk Kbe;j fhupakhFk;.

 

topfhl;b ahu;?

kdpjd; jd; Gj;jpahy; mtdJ ghu;itia G+u;j;jp nra;J>cz;ikiaAk; tho;f;ifapy; eyitiaAk; nfLjpfisAk; mwpe;J ngw;Wf; nfhs;s KbAkh? cz;ikapy; ,jw;F ,y;iy vd;w khw;wkhd tpilNa fpilf;Fk;. Vnddpy; Gj;jpahy; jdpNa epd;W vy;yhtw;iwAk; mwpe;J nfhs;s cUJizahfTk; top fhl;bahfTk; ,Uf;f KbahJ. khwhf Gj;jpAk; $l ghuhkupg;Gf;Fk; gapw;W tpw;g;gjw;Fk; xd;wpd; ghy; NjitAilajhf cs;sJ. rpy Ntiyfspdpy; mJ Nkhrkhd #oYf;F kj;jpapy; ,Ue;jjhy; jtWjyhd ghijapf;F ,l;Lr; nry;fpd;wJ. `]uj; mkPUy; K/kpdPd; myp mi`p]; ]yhk; mtu;fs; egpkhu;fspd; tUifapd; Nehf;fq;fspy; Gj;jpia> rpe;jidia rupahd Kiwapy; guhkupj;jy; vd;gij xd;whf fdpj;Js;shu;fs;: '' kwf;fg; gl;l> kiwe;jpUf;ff; $ba rpe;jidfis ntspapy; nfhz;L te;J mij nray; gl itj;jy;"".

kdpjdhy; Vw;g;gLj;jg; gl;bUf;Fk; rl;l jpl;lq;fs; jdpkdpjid my;yJ xU rKfj;ij rup gLj;Jtjw;Fg; NghJkhFkh? E}w;whz;L fhykhf gy mwpQu;fshy; kdpj rKjha rPu; jpUj;jq;fSf;fha gyjhug;gl;l MNyhrizfs; toq;fg; gl;Ls;sd. ,itfisf; ftdpf;fpd;w NghJ> mtu;fspd; %Yk; toq;fg; gl;l ,t;MNyhrizfs; mtu;fSf;F kj;jpapy; ngUk; fUj;J NtWghLfis Vw;g;gLj;jpaJ kl;Lky;yJ rpy Ntiyfspy; mtu;fis rz;ilapl;Lf; nfhs;Sk; mstpw;F Ngha;As;sJ> ,itfsl midj;Jk; kdpjdJ rpe;jidia tiuaiwapl;L kdpjdJ vy;yh tpj;jpYkhd rPNjtpj;jdj;jpd; ufrpak; gw;wpa mtu;fsJ mwpahikia njspT gLj;jp czu Kbfpd;wJ. kdpjdhy; cUthf;fg; gl;l midj;J rl;l jpl;lq;fSk; vy;yh tifapYk; rpwe;jJ mjd; %yk; jhd; ntw;wp ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;w cWjp ,J tiu ,Ue;jjpy;iy. nrd;w fhyq;fspYk; $l ,t;tifahd rl;l jpl;lq;fis eil Kiwg; gLj;j xU nghWg;GjhupAk; ,Ue;jpUg;gjhf njpupfpd;wjy;y.

Mdhy; thDyf jpl;lq;fSk; egpkhu;fs; nfhz;L te;j Ntjq;fSk; Muk;gk; ,y;yhJ Kbtpy;yhjJ Nghd;wtw;iw tpl;Lk; J}a;ikahdJ. mjpy; vt;tpjkhd kiwTf;Nfh my;yJ tpsf;f kpd;ikf;Nfh ,lkpy;iy. xt;nthU gjtp me;j];jpypUe;Jk;> jdpkdpjdpy; ,Ue;Jk; vy;yh rpwg;gf;fisAk; mofhf $Wfpd;wJ. mjpy; vt;tpjkhd jtWf;Fk; gpiof;Fk; ,lkpy;iy. ,jd; gb egpkhu;fspd; up]hyj; ,Ug;gjpd; mtrpak; njspthfpd;wJ.

 

egp ahu;? mtiu mwpAk; Kiwfs; vJ?

egp vd;gJ my;yh`;tpdhy; mtdJ rl;l jpl;lq;fis kw;w kdpu;fspd; ryg;Gfs; ,y;yhJ mKy; gLj;jp kf;fis Neu; topapd; ghy; miof;f Nju;e;njLf;fg; gl;bUf;Fk; xU kdpjuhFk;.

cz;ikahd egpkhu;fis ngha;ahdtu;fspypUe;J mwpAk; top Kiwfs;:

1) kdpju;fsJ rf;jpw;F Nkyhd tifapy; mw;Gjkhdtw;iw nra;jy;.

2)mtuJ egpj;Jtj;jpw;F Kd;Gs;s tho;f;ifia mf;yhf; vDk; ey;nyhOf;fj;jpYk;> cstpay;> rKfj;Jld; ele;J nfhz;l Kiwfs;> mtu;fsJ miog;gpd; fUf;fs; Nghd;witfis Gj;jp uPjpahd juhRtpy; mstpl;L> mtu;fs; %yk; nfhz;L tug; gl;l rl;l jpl;lq;fs; midj;Jk; kf;fs; kj;jpapy; ,Uf;fpd;wjh vd;gij thrpg;gG> Ma;T %yk; Njitahd rhd;Wfisg; ngWjy;...

3) Ke;jpa egpkhu;fs; mtu;fsJ tUif gw;wp jfty;> thf;fspj;jy;.

 

egpkhu;fs; ,U tifg; gLk;:

1) cYy; m];k; ,y;yhjtu;fs;: mtu;fsJ gpur;rhu vy;iyfs; tiuaWf;fg; gl;L Gjpa khu;f;fKk; NjtKk; ,y;yhjtu;fs;.

2) cYy; m];k;fs;: mtu;fs; Gjpa khu;f;fKk; Gjpa NtjKk; cilatu;fs;. mtu;fsJ gpur;rhu vy;iy kpfTk; tpupthdjhFk;. ,jpy; Ie;J Ngu; cs;sdu;. ,tu;fs; xt;nthUtUk; jdJ fhy fl;lj;jpy; kdpj rKjhaj;ij Neu;topg; gLj;Jtjw;fhfTk;> ,iw rl;lq;fisAk;> fl;lisfisAk; fpof;fpy; ,Ue;J Nkw;F tiuAs;s kdpj rKjhaj;jpw;F vw;wp itf;Fk; gzpapy; Vtg;gl;bUe;jhu;fs;. me;j ItUk;:

1) `]uj; E}`; miy`p]; ]yhk;> 2) `]uj; ,g;uh`Pk; miy`p]; ]yhk;> 3) `]uj; %]h miy`p];

]yhk;> 4) `]uj; <]h miy`p]; ]yhk;> 5) `]uj; K`k;kj; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk;. egpfs; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fsJ tUifAld; egpj;Jtj;jpd; tupir Kw;Wif ngw;wJ. mtu;fs; ,iwtdpd; egpkhu;fspy; ,WjpahdtuhFk;.

,];yhkpa rl;l jpl;lq;fs; kdpjdJ vy;yh fhy Neuq;fSf;FKwpa Njiyfis G+u;j;jp nra;J mtDf;Fk; Vw;g;gLk; gpur;rpidfSf;Fk;> re;Njfq;fSf;Fk; gjpy; nfhLf;Fk; tifapy; Nfhu;it nra;ag; gl;Ls;sJ. ,J ,Wjpahd Nfhu;itahFk;. ,J Ke;jpAs;s rl;l jpl;lq;fis vy;yhk; khw;wp tpl;L mijg; gpd; gw;WkhW fl;lis gpug;gpg;gNjhL mJ jtpu;e;j Ntnwhd;iu gpd; gw;w mDkjp nfhLf;fpd;wjy;y. '' vtu; xUtu; ,];yhk; my;yhj xd;iw jdJ khu;f;fkhf Nju;e;njLj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;whNuh mJ Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg; gl khl;lhJ. mtu; kWikapy; e\;lkile;jtu;fSld; ,Ug;ghu;"". (#uh My ,k;uhd; trdk; 85)

 

ngUkhdhu; egpfs; ehafk; mtu;fs;

,q;Nf kdpju;fspd; <Nlw;wj;jpw;fhf te;j ,Wjpj; J}ju; K`k;kj; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fsJ tho;f;ifia kpfTk; RWf;fkhf $WtJ kpfTk; rpwe;jjhFk;.

mtu;fspd; ngau; K`k;kj; (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk;)Gfo;g;gl;ltu; vDk; nghUs; nfhz;lJ. je;ij mg;Jy;yh`;> jha; Mkpdh gpd;j; mG+ t`k; MFk;. ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; ahid tUlk; ugPcy; mt;ty; khjk; gjpd; Vohk; ehs; nts;spf; fpoik mjpfhiyapy; mD \Puthd; Mjpy; vd;tupd; Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy; kf;fhtpy; gpwe;jhu;fs;. mtu;fs; fp.gp. 610 Mz;L u[g; khjk; ,Ugj;jp Vohk; ehs; jdJ ehw;gjhtJ tajpy; ,iwtdhy; jd; up]hyj;ij Rkg;gjw;fhf Ntz;b njupT nra;ag; gl;lhu;fs;. t`p nfhz;L tUgtuhd `]uj; [pg;uPy; miy`p]; ]yhk; mtu;fs; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fsplk; te;J Kjd; Kjyhf ,iwtdpd; fl;lisahf #uJ myf;fpy; cs;s Kjy; Ie;J trdq;fisAk; egpfshy; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fSf;F vw;wp itj;jhu;fs;.

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم (ahtw;iwAk;) gilj;j ck;Kila ,iwtdpd; jpU ehkj;ijf; nfhz;L XJtPuhf. 'myf;" vd;w epiyapypUe;J kdpjid gilj;jhd;. XJtPuhf: ck; ,iwtd; khngUk; nfhilahsp. mtNd vOJ Nfhiyf; nfhz;L fw;Wf; nfhLj;jhd;. kdpjDf;F mtd; mwpahjtw;iwnay;yhk; fw;Wf; nfhLj;jhd;. (#uh myf; trdq;fs; 1-5)

gpur;rhuKk;> ,iw fl;lisia kf;fSf;F vw;wp itg;gJk; mf;fhy NjitfSf;F Vw;wthWk;> NjitahdthWk;> rpiy tzq;fpfspdJk; Fiw\pfspdJk; fLk; vjpu;g;GfSld; mtrukpy;yhJ mikjpahd Kiwapy; Muk;gkhdJ. rpwpJ fhyq;fSf;Fg; gpwF jdJ FLk;gj;jhu;fSf;F ,];yhj;ijg; gw;wp nrhy;YkhW ,iwtdplkpUe;J fl;lis te;jJ (#uh \{muh trdk; 214). mjd; gpd; nghJthf vy;NyhiuAk; ,];yhj;jpd; ghy; miof;FkhW ,iw fl;lis te;jJ. '' MfNt ckf;F Vtg; gl;lij njspthf mtu;fSf;F ePu; $WtPuhf. ,iz itj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;Nghiu Guf;fzpj;Jk; tpLtPuhf. epr;rkhf ehk; gupfhrk; nra;gtu;fSila jPq;if tpl;Lk; ck;ikg; ghJfhg;Nghk;"" (#uh `p[;u; trdk; 95)

ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; ,iw fl;lisia vw;wp itg;gjw;fhf k];[pJy; `uhkpYk; nghJhd ,lq;fis Nju;e;njLj;J mq;F itj;J jdJ gzpia قولوا لا اله الا الله تفلحوا yhapyh` ,y;yy;yh`; vd;W nrhy;Yq;fs; ntw;wp miltPu;fs; vd;w mofpa thu;j;ijfNshL Mukg;gpj;jhu;fs;. Vfj;jtj;jpd; Xir xypj;jJ. vjpupfspdJk;> K];upf;fPd;fspdJk; gyj;j vjpu;g;Gf;F cs;shdhu;fs;. gupfhrjjpw;Fk;> Nehtpidf;Fk; kj;jpapy; ,Ue;jhu;fs;. egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; nrhd;dhu;fs;: vd;idg; Nghd;W NtW ve;jnthU ,iwj; J}jUk; Nehtpid mila tpy;iy vd;whu;fs;.

 

KjyhtJ K/kPd;fs;

my; Fu;Md; tpupTiuahsu;fs; tuyhw;W Mrpupau;fspd; VNfhgpj;j fUj;Jg; gb ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; ,iwtdhy; egpahf Nju;e;njLj;J ,];yhj;ij nfhz;L te;jNghJ Mz;fspy; Kjd; Kjyhf mkPUy; K/kpdPd; `]uj; myp ,g;D mG+jhypg; miy`p]; ]yhk; mtu;fSk; ngz;fspd; ehfak; ]y; yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fspd; fz;zakhd kidtpahd md;id fjP[h ehafpAk; mij Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhu;fs;. mjd; gpd;dNu xU rpW $l;lj;jpdu; thDyf miog;ig Vw;Wf; nfhz;ldu;. gpd; kf;fh K];upfPd;fspd; mepahaq;fisAk; ml;^opaq;fisAk; nghUshjhuj; jilfisAk; vjpu; nfhz;ldu;.

 

kjpdhit Nehf;fp gazk;

egpj;jtj;jpd; gjpd; %d;whtJ tUlk; kf;fhtpy; ,Ue;j K];upfPd;fs; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fis nfhiy nra;J ,y;yhJ nra;J tpl jpl;lk; jPl;bdu;. Mdhy; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; ,iwtdpd; fl;lisNahL ,uNthL ,uthf kjpdhit Nehf;fp gazk; nra;jhu;fs;. mjd; gpd;du; ,J K];ypk;fspd; fyz;luhf khwpaJ. mJ kl;Lks;shJ mjd; gpwF Vw;g;gl;l rfy epfo;TfisAk; mt; Mz;il ikakhf itj;Nj gjpT nra;ag; gLfpd;wJ.

kjpdhtpy; K];ypk;fspd; vz;zpf;if mjpfupf;fshapd. ,];yhkpa muRk; epWtg; gl;lJ. mjd; xsp ehs; NjhUk; cyfpd; rfy ghfq;fspYk; vy;yh ehfuPfq;fspYk; jhf;fj;ij Vw;g;gLj;jp mjd; vjpu;fhy jpl;lq;fSf;fha ,]; yhkpa rl;l jpl;lq;fis vLj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; mstpw;F mjd; xsp gutpaJ.

ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; kjpdhtpy; jq;fp ,Ue;j fhy fl;lj;jpy; K]; upfPd;fSk; a`{j; e]huhf;fSk; K];ypk;fSf;F nra;j ml;^opaq;fspdhYk; Gjpjhf Njhd;wpa ,];yhkpa muirAk; ePjkhf elf;fr; nrhy;Yk; xU ,iw tzf;fj;ijAk; ,y;yhJ nra;a mtu;fs; midtUk; xd;W Nru;e;J nray; gl;ljdhYk; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; Mq;fhq;Nf rpwpa ngwpa Aj;jq;fis fhzf; $batu;fshf ,Ue;jhu;fs;. ,d;Dk; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; re;jpj;j vy;yh Aj;jq;fspYk; jfuhupYk; rpiy tzf;fj;ijAk; ,iz itg;igAk; ,y;yhJ mopj;J tpl kw;wtu;fis tpl kpfTk; Kk;Kukhf nray; gl;lhu;fs;. ,khk; myp miy`p]; ]yhk; ,ijg; gw;wpf; $Wk; NghJ ,t;thW nrhy;Yfpd;whu;fs;: Aj;j fsj;jpy; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fisj; jtpu NtW vtUk; vjpu;f;F neUf;fkhf ,Uf;f tpy;iy. Mdhy; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; rkhjhd tpUk;gpahfTk; xd;iw Ngrpj; jPu;j;Jf; nfhs;sf; $batuhfTk; ,Ue;jhu;fs;. mij tpl Nkyhf kd;dpg;gtuhfTk;> mtu;fSld; ,uf;fkhf elg;thuhfTk;... ,Ue;jhu;fs;. ,jd; gb mq;Nf Rkhu; vd;gJf;Fk; mjpfkhd MAj Aj;jq;fs; ,lk; ngw;wd mjpy; tyhw;W fpue;jq;fspd; mwptpg;gpd; gb mt; Aj;jq;fspy; capu; ePj;jtu;fspd; vz;zpf;if Mapuj;jp ehD}W Ngu;fisj; jhz;l khl;lhJ.

 

jPd; Jd;ahtpdJ jiytu; topfhl;b

ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; kjpdhtpy; jq;fpapUe;j NghJ t`papd; cjtpNahLk; my; Fu;Mdpd; rl;lq;fNshLk; kf;fSila ,k;ik kWik rk;ge;jg; gl;l tplaq;fspd; top fhl;bahf jpfo;e;jhu;fs;. ,d;Dk; ngupatu;fs; rpwpatu;fSlDk;> je;ij gps;isAlDk;> gps;is je;ijAlDk;> kidtp fztDlDk;> fztd; kidtpAlDk;> may; tPl;lhu; kw;w may; tPl;lhUlDk;> muru; kf;fSlDk;> kf;fs; murUlDk;> K];ypk;fs; Vidatu;fSlDk; ele;J nfhs;Sk; KiwfisAk; rKjhaj;ij top elj;Jk; tpjj;ijAk;> murpay;> nghUspay;> ,iwabahdhf ,Ue;J mtid tzq;Fk; KiwfisAk;... t`papd; fl;lisg; gpufhuk; kf;fSf;F tpgupj;J nrhy;ypf; fhl;bdhu;fs;.

egpfs; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; tpd;Dyf Ntj rl;l jpl;lq;fis kw;wtu;is tplTk; Ngzp ele;J mij jd; tho;tpy; eil Kiwg; gLj;jpdhu;fs;. NkYk; mtu;fs; ,iwtdpd; fl;lisg; gb midtUk; rNfhjuu;fs; vd;Wk; Fyg; ngUikia mbNahL ,y;yhJ nra;J [h`pypah fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;J nra;ag; gl;L te;J rk;gpujha rlq;FfisAk; [h`pypah fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;j fl;Lf; Nfhg;GfisAk; xopj;J Rje;jpuj;ij kpfg; ngupa nrhj;jhf kf;fSf;F nfhz;L te;jhu;fs;. ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; Ml;rpd; xU vLj;Jf; fhl;lhfTk; ,iwtdJ mUs; ,wq;Fk; xU jiytuhfTk; ePjpia epiy ehl;LgtuhfTk; mePjpAld; Nghu; GupgtuhfTk; xU MNyhriz nra;gtuhfTk; cgNjrk; GupgtuhfTk; mij vjpupfisAk; Fw;wk; nra;gtu;fisAk; kd;dpg;gtuhfTk; ,Ue;jhu;fs;. mtupy; nghwhik tQ;rfk; gopf;Fg; gop thq;Fjy; Nghd;w nfl;l nray;fspd; milahsNk ,Uf;f tpy;iy. ,t;Tyfpy; mtu;fs; ,];yhkpa jiytu;fspy; nfhil ty;yy;fSf; nfy;yk; cjhuzg; GU\uhFk;. vg;NghJk; jd;id tpl kw;wtu;fis Kjd;ikahf fUjpdhu;fs;. fl;ilahd Milfis jhd; vLj;Jf; nfhz;L nky;ypa Milfis kw;wtu;fSf;F nfhLj;jhu;fs;. mtu;fs; vy;NyhUlDk; rkkhf gofpdhu;fs;. jd;Dila mku;tfspy; $l jd; ghu;itia vy;NyhUf;Fk; kj;jpapy; gq;F itg;gtu;fshf ,Ue;jhu;fs;.

 

`[;[j;Jy; tpjhTk; mjw;Fg; gpd; epfo;e;jitfSk;

,];yhk; rl;lj;jhy; G+u;j;jpahdjpd; gpwF jdJ ,Wjp `[;i[ Kbj;Jf; nfhz;L jpUk;gpf; nfhz;bUe;j Ntiyapy; fjPu;n`hk; vd;Dkplj;jpy; myp ,g;D mgPjhypg; miy`p]; ]yhk; mtu;fis jdJ gpujpepjpahf njupT nra;J mt;topapd; njhlu;rpia kf;fSf;F njspT gLj;jpdhu;fs;. mg;NghJ ,t;thW my; Fu;Md; trdk; ,wq;fpaJ: '' ,d;iwa jpdk; cq;fSf;Ffhf cq;fsJ khu;f;fj;ij gupG+uzkhf;fp itj;J tpl;Nld;. vdJ mUl; nfhilia cq;fs; kPJ KOikAkhf;fp tpl;Nld;. ,d;Dk; ,];yhj;ij xU khu;f;fkhf nghUe;jpf; nfhz;Nld; "" ( #uh My ,k;uhd; trdk; 03)

,e;epfo;T ele;J nfhQ;r ehs; nry;y tpy;iy ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fspy; Neha;f;Fwpa mwpFwpfs; njd;gl;ld. Gpd; RfaPzkhdhu;fs;. xt;nthU kzp NeuKk; Neha; mjpfupj;Jf; nfhz;Nl nrd;wd. ,Wjpapy; ,iwtdJ ,Wjpj; J}ju; K`k;kj; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs;

`p[;up gjpndhwhk; Mz;L rgu; khjk; ,Uj;jp Vohk; ehs; jpq;fs; fpoik ,t;Tyif tpl;Lg; gpupe;J nrd;whu;fs;. ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fspd; trpaj;jpd; gb `]uj; mkPUy; K/kpdPd; myp miy`p]; ]yhk; mtu;fs; egpAila gupRj;jkhd Gdpj cliy Fspg;ghl;b fgdpl;L mtu;fs; kPJ njhOif elhj;jpdhu;fs;. gpd; Vida Njhou;fs; FOf;fshf FOf;fhf te;J mtu;fs; kPJ ikapj;Jj; njhOifia epiw Ntw;wpdu;. rdpf; fpoik mdhufsJ gupRj;j cly;> kjpdhtpy; mtu;fs; kuzpj;j miu (`]uj; ghj;jpkh miy`h ]yhk; mtu;fs; ,Ue;j miu) apNy ey;ylf;fk; nra;ag; gl;lhu;fs;.

ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; jdJ tho; ehs; KOtjpYk; ek;gpf;ifapd; rpfuk;> ,f;yh];> cz;ik NgRjy;> ey;nyhOf;fk; ed;elj;ij> nghWikapd; ngl;lfk;> kd;dpj;jy;> tPuk;> ,iw mr;rk;> rpwg;Gilatu;> gj;jpdpj; jd;ik> ePjpia epiy ehl;Ljy;> gdpTj; jd;ik> `p[hj;> flikia Kiwg; gb nra;jy;... Nghd;w vy;yh ey;y tplaq;fspYk; Kd;khjpuahfTk;> cj;jk GU\uhfTk; jpfo;e;jhu;fs;. mtu;fs; clyikg;gpYk; ftuf; $batu;fshf ,Ue;jhu;fs;. mtu;fsJ new;wp gjpdhd;fhk; ,uT re;jpuidg; Nghd;W gpufhrpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. RUq;ff; $wpd;: ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fsplk; vy;yh rpwg;gk;rq;fSk; Nru;e;jpUe;jJ. mtu;fs; mwptpd; kFlkhFk;. mtu;fsplk; ,Ue;j rpwg;Gk; me;j];Jk; NtW vtuplKk; ,Uf;fTkpy;iy ,Uf;fg; NghtJkpy;iy. mtu; nfhz;L te;j khu;f;fk; rpwe;j khu;f;fkhFk;. nfhz;L te;j Ntjk; rpwe;j NtjkhFk;.'' ,jpy; ,jw;F Kd;dpUe;Njh ,jw;Fg; gpd;dpUe;Njh ngha; tuhJ. ,J jPu;f;fkhd mwpTila ,iwtdplkpUe;J ,wf;fg; gl;Ls;sjhFk;"" (#uh G];]pyj; trdk; 42)

 

my;Fu;Md; ,Wjp egpapd; Nguw;Gjk;

,Wjp egpf;F toq;fg;gl;l kpf Kf;fpa mw;Gjkhf Gdpj my;FHMd; tpsq;Ffpd;wJ. ,t; mw;Gjnkd;gJ mjd; ,yf;fz ,yf;fpar; rpwg;gpdhy; kl;Lk; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sg; gl;ljd;W. mjd; vspik> fUj;jhok; Nghd;w ,d;Ndhud;d fhuzpfs; mjd; mw;Gjj; jd;ikf;Fr; rhd;whFk;. ,J gw;wp mfPjh kw;Wk; ,y;Ky; fyhk; gw;wpa ekJ E}y;fspy; tpsf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

my;FHMDf;F epfuhd Ntjnkhd;iw> Vd; Xh; mj;jpahaj;ijf; $l cUthf;FtJ vtuhYk; Kbahj tplakhFk; vd;W ehk; ek;Gfpd;Nwhk;. ,J njhlHghf re;Njfk; nfhz;lth;fSf;F my;FHMd; gy;NtW fl;lq;fspy; rthy; tpLfpd;wJ. vd;nwd;Wk; ,Uf;Fk; ,t; mw;Gjk; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fspd; egpj;jtj;jpw;F Xu; rhd;whfTk;> ,iw rl;lq;fisAk; kdpju;fsJ md;whl tho;f;iff;F Njitahd midj;J rl;ljpl;lq;fisAk; nghjpe;J ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ,J ,Ugj;jp %d;W tUl fhyq;fshf gFjp gFjpahf gy jug;gl;l re;ju;g;gq;fspNy ,wq;fpaJ. egpj;Jtj;jpypUe;J `p[;uj; tiuapyhd fhyg; gFjpapy; Rkhu; gdpnuz;L Mz;LfSk; MW khjq;fSk; ,J kf;fhtpy; ,wq;fpaJ ,jdhy; ,f;fhyg; gFjpap; ,wq;fg; gl;l trdq;fSk; #uhf;fSk; kf;fp ( kf;fhtpy; ,wq;fpait) vd miof;fg; gLfpd;wJ. `p[;uJila Muk;gj;jpypUe;J ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fs; kuzpf;Fk; tiuapyhd fhyg; gFjpapy; kjpdhtpYk; mjd; Xug; gFjpfspYk; ,wq;fpa trdq;fisAk; #uhf;fisAk; kjdp ( kjpdhtpy; ,wq;fpait) vd miof;fpd;Nwhk;. gpd;du; ehafk;

]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p t]y;yk; mtu;fspd; fl;lisapd; Ngupy; md;dhupd; tpNrl fz;fhzpg;Gld; ,g;NghJ vq;fsJ iffspy; ,Uf;Fk; mikg;gpy; my;Fu;Md; xd;W Nru;f;fg; gl;lJ.

Mkhk; iffshy; nra;ag; gl;L tzq;fg; gl;l gy flTy;fspd; fhyj;jpy;> rpiy tzf;fKk;> ,iz itj;jYk; xd;W Nru;e;J cyfj;ij ,Uz;l xU ghjhyj;ij Nehf;fp ,l;Lr; nrd;w Ntiyapy;> rpwe;j rpe;jid ,y;yhJ jhd; Njhz;bj; jdkhf FWf;F topapNy tho;e;J gpur;rpidfSk; Fyg; ngUikfSk; jq;fsJ topahf epidj;J tho;e;J nfhz;bUe;j kf;fs; kj;jpy;> ngz; gps;is gpwe;jhy; capNuhL Fop Njhz;bg; Gijf;Fj; fyhr;rhuk; jiy tpupj;jhba fhy fl;lj;jpy; xU fz;zpakhd kdpju; ,iw fl;lisNahL ,g;gbahd rpe;jidfis kf;fs; kj;jpapypUe;J mfw;wpdhu;. jd; ,iw fl;lisAld; gpd; jq;fpa rKfj;jtu;fis mjhtJ fyhr;rhukpy;yhJ tho;e;J nfhz;bUe;j kf;fis cau;e;j fyhr;rhuj;jpd; ghy; nfhz;L te;J ,UspYk; top Nfl;bYk; tho;e;J nfhz;bUe;j kf;fis <khd; vDk; xspahy; tpsf;Nfw;wp Neu; topapd; gf;fk; nfhz;L te;jhu;fs;. mq;F fy;tp tsu;r;rp mile;j NghJ ,UspYk;> mwpahikapYk;> gpur;rpidfSf;F kj;jpapy; tho;e;j rKfk; rpwe;j rhyp`hd kf;fshf khwpdhu;fs;.

Mkhk; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fs; nfhz;L te;j khu;f;fk; vy;yh fhyj;jpw;Fk; nrhe;jkhditAk; nrd;w khu;f;fq;fis G+uzg; gLj;Jk; Xu; khu;f;fkhFk;. mjd; epUgpf;f te;j my; Fu;Md; ,iw njhlu;Gilajhf ,Ug;gjhy; mJ kf;fSf;F Neu; top fhl;LtNjhL kf;fspd; ,U cyf ntw;wpiaAk; nfhz;Ls;sJ.

 

my; Fu;Mdpd; vspikAk; ,yf;fpaKk;

my;Fu;Mdpy; fy;tp> fiy> rpe;jid> Mj;kPf ,nysfPf; tplaq;fs; ,Ug;gNjhL mJ thDyf xU mw;GjkhFk;. Vnddpy; mJ kf;fis rthYld; miof;Fk; xd;whf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. my; Fu;Md; kf;fisg; ghu;j;J mijg; Nghy; xd;iwf; nfhz;L tUkhW rthy; tpLfpd;wJ. nkhopay; gpurpj;J tpoq;fpa `p[h]; kf;fs; mtu;fsJ nkhop jpwikAk; ,yf;fz ,yf;fpaKk; cau; ,lq;fisf; nfhz;be;Jk; mtu;fshy; my; Fu;MDf;F Kd; epw;f KbahJ Ngha; tpl;lJ. mt;thW ,y;iy vd;wpUe;jhy; EGt;tj;Jila Muk;g fhyj;jpYk; my; Fu;Md; ,wq;fpa re;ju;g;gj;jpYk; fhl;Lkpuhz;bjdkhd KiwapYk; MAjq;fNshLk; NkhJtij tpl mt;ufSf;Fj; njupe;j ,yf;fz ,yf;fpaq;fisg; ghtpj;J Fu;MDf;F xg;ghf xd;iwr; nra;J mij vjpupj;J epd;wpUf;f KbAk; ,J mitfis tpl kpfTk; rhjhud tplakhFk;. Mdhy; mtu;fshy; epw;f KbahJ Ngha; tpl;lJ. Mdhy; ,d;Wk; ftpij mwG ,yf;fz ,yf;fpaj;jpy; Gfo; ngw;wu;fs; vd cyf kf;fs; kj;jpapy; Ngrg; gLgtu;fs;> my;Fu;Md; trdq;fspd; nrhy;yikg;igAk; ,yf;fz ,yf;fpaq;fisAk; ghu;j;J tpl;L mit kdpju;fSila rf;jpf;F mg;ghy; gl;lit vd mwpe;J vfpg;jpa Jzpapy; jq;ff; epwk; nfhz;L vOjg; gl;L Kmy;yfhJ]; ]g;c vd ngau; #l;b f/ghtpd; Rtu;fspNy njhq;f tplg; gl;bUe;jij ,uNthL ,uthf Ngha; vLj;J tpl;lhu;fs;. ,yf;fpaj;jpy; kpfTk; ghz;bj;jpak; ngw;w xU kdpjUk; ,jw;F Kd; epw;f KbahJ vd mtu;fs; ed;F czu;e;jhu;fs;. ,ijf; fz;l vjpupfSk; thailj;J Ngha; tpl;lhu;fs;.

tuyhw;W rhl;rpapd; gb xt;nthU fhyj;jpYk; xt;nthU ,lj;jpYk; Njhd;wp Gfo; ngw;w mwpQu;fSk; vOj;jhsu;fSk; ,e;j Fu;MDf;F Kfk; nfhLf;f Kbajtu;fshfp tpl;ldu;. mtu;fs; midtUk; ,J Xu; mw;Gjk; vd Vw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;sdu;.

Mkhk;> my;Fu;Md; kdpju;fis Gdpju;fshf khw;wp mikf;Fk; ghijapy; mtu;fSf;F vd;nwd;Wk; top fhl;lf; $ba xU NtjkhFk;. mJ mtu;fSf;F epk;kjp> mikjpahd tho;T> ntw;wp Nghd;wtw;iw cupa Kiwapy; nrhy;ypf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ. my; Fu;Md; ,ijg; gw;wpf; $Wk; NghJ: '' epr;rakhf ,e;jf; Fu;Md; kdpju;fSf;F vJ kpf Neu;ikahdNjh mjd; ghy; top fhl;Lfpd;wJ. ew;fUkq;fisAk; nra;fpd;w tpRthrpfSf;Fk;> epr;rakhf mt;fSf;F kpfg; ngupa ew;$yp cz;nld;W ed;khwhaKk; $Wfpd;wJ"" (#uh ,];uh trdk; 9) ,t;thW egpfs; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fSf;F ,iw t`papd; epoypy; kf;fSf;F Neu;top fhl;lf; nfhLf;fg; gl;l ,t;Ntjj;jpd; xsp xU NghJk; midahJ vd;gJ cWjpahd tplakhFk;. ,iwtd; $Wfpd;whd;;: '' epr;rakhf ehNk ,t;Ntjj;ij ,wf;fpNdhk; mij ehNk ghJfhg;Nghk;"" (#uh `p[;u; trdk; 9)

 

my; Fu;Mdpy; khw;wkpy;iy

,d;W cyf K];ypk;fspd; iffspy; fhzg;gLk; my;FHMd;> egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtHfSf;F ,wf;fpaUsg; gl;l mNj my;FHMd; jhd; vd;gJk; mjpy; vt;tpj $l;ly; Fiwj;jYk; ,lk;ngw tpy;iy vd;gJk; vkJ ek;gpf;ifahFk;.

t`Pia vOjp te;j xU FOtpdH> my;FHMd; ,wq;fpa fhyj;jpNyNa mjid vOj;JUthf;fk; nra;J nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. vy;NyhUk; mjd; gFjpfis jkJ ehshe;j njhOiffspy; gy Kiw Xjp te;jhHfs;. ngUk; njhifapdh; mtw;iw kddkpl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;jdh;. my;FHMid moFw XJNthUk; kddkpl;l tHfSk; vg;NghJk; r%fj;jpy; caHe;j me;j];ijg; ngw;wdH> ngWfpd;wdH. ,t;thwhd fhuzq;f spdhy; my;Fh;Mdpy; vtuhYk; rpwpa khw;wj;ijf; $l Vw;gLj;j Kbatpy;iy.

mj;Jld;> cyf KbT tiu my;FHMidg; ghJfhf;Fk; gzpia my;yh`;Nt nghWg;Ngw;Ws;shd; vd;gJ mjd; kw;WnkhU Kf;fpa mw;GjkhFk;. epr;rakhf ehNk ,e;j FHMid ,wf;fp itj;Njhk;. ,d;Dk; epr;rakhf ehNk mjidg; ghJfhg;Nghk; vd my;yh`; Fwpg;gpLfpwhd;.|| K];ypk;fspd; jiyrpwe;j mwpQHfSk; Ma;thsHfSk; -\PM> Rd;dh NtWghbd;wp- my;FHMdpy; vt;tpj jpupGgLj;jYk; ,lk;ngw tpy;iynad;w tpraj;jpy; VNfhgpj;j fUj;ijAk; KbitAk; nfhz;Ls;sdH. ,t;tpU $l;lj;jpY Ks;s rpW FOtpdH> rpy gytPdkhd jfty;fis Mjhukhf itj;Jf; nfhz;L> my;FHMdpy; khw;wk; epfo;e; Js;sjhf Fw;wk; rhl;l Kidfpd;wdH. Mdhy;> mtHfs; Mjhukhff; nfhs;Sk; jfty;fs; kw;Wk; juTfs; midj;Jk; kt;*c -fl;b tplg;gl;l fw;gidfs;- vd `jP]; fiy mwpQHfs; tpsf;fk; jUfpd;wdH. NkYk; rpy jfty;fs; jg;]PNuhL rk;ge;jg;gl;litad;wp Gdpj Fh;MDld; Neubahfj; njhlh;Gilaitad;W.

FWfpa rpe;jidg; Nghf;Fk; njsptw;w mwpTk; nfhz;l rpyH> FHMdpy; khw;wk; nra;jjhf \Pahf;fs; kPNjh> m`;Y]; ]{d;dhf;fs; kPNjh Fw;wk; Rkj;Jtjw;F Kidfpd;wdH. ,j;jifNahH> jkJ mwpahikapdhy; my;FHMdpd; gupRj;jj;jpw;F fsq;fk; Vw;gLj;jp> ,];yhj;jpd; tpNuhjpfSf;F gy tiffspy; JizNghfpd;wdh; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.

egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtHfspd; fhyj;jpypUe;J my;FHMd; NfhHit nra;ag;gl;l tuyhw;iwAk; K];ypk;fs; Fwpg;ghf t`p vOJgtHfs; mtw;iwg; ghJfhg;gjw;fhf vOJjy;> kddkpLjy;> XJjy; Nghd;w Kaw;rpfspy; <Lgl;L te;j epfo;TfisAk; MuhAkplj;J> my;FHMdpy; khw;wq;fs; epfo;tnjd;gJ rpwpJk; rhj;jpakw;wNj vd;w cz;ikia njspthf tpsq;fpf; nfhs;s KbAk;.

NkYk;> cyfpy; ,g;NghJs;s FHMidj; jtpu> NtW FHMd; ,y;iy. ,jw;fhd Mjhuq;fs; njspthf Kd;itf; fg;gl;bUg;gJld;> mJ gw;wpa Ma;Tf;fhd topfSk; jhuhskhfj; jpwe;jpUf; fpd;wd. my;FHMd;> jw;NghJ K]; ypk;fs; midtuJ ,y;yq;fspYk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. gs;spthry;fs;> nghJE}yfq;fs; vd cyfpd; midj;J ehLfspYk; midj;Jg; gpuNjrq; fspYk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. gy E}w;whz;LfSf;F Kd;dH vOjg;gl;l my;FHMdpd; ifnaOj;Jg; gpujpfs; gy E}jdrhiyfspy; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. vz;zpylq;fhj kdpj neQ;rq;fspYk; mJ ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ,it midj;ijAk; rhd;whff; nfhz;l Ma;Tfspd; KbTfs;> my;FHMdpd; khw;wq;fSf;F cl;glhj Gdpjj; jd;ikiaj; njspthf giwrhw;wp ,Uf;fpd;wd. Kd;idaiu tpl Ma;T trjpfs; mjpfhpj;Jf; fhzg;gLfpd;w ,f;fhy fl;lj;jpy; Fh;Midg; gw;wpa ,e;j mghz;lj;jpd; gytPdj;ij ,yFthfNt ep&gpj;Jf; fhl;l KbAk;.

 

Fu;Mid XJjy; ,d;Dk; mij kddk; nra;jy;

K];ypk;fspy; Mz;fSk; ngz;fSk;> rpwpatu;fSk; ngupatu;fSk; my; Fu;Mid kddkpl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;jhu;fs;. my; Fu;Mid XJtjjd; %ykhfTk; mij kPl;Ltjd; %ykhfTk; gjl;lkile;j jq;fsJ &i` mikjpg; gLj;jpf; nfhz;lhu;fs; ,d;Dk; rpwe;j ghlj;ijAk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lhu;fs;. Kbthf egpj;Jtj;jpd; Muk;gj;jpypUe;Nj vjpu;g;gtUk; cld; gl;ltUk;> vjpupAk; NjhoDk; my;Fu;MDila trdq;fis nrtp kLj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhu;fs;. mtu;fspy; mjpfkhdtu;fs; mij kddk; nra;jhu;fs;. ,jd; gb my;Fu;Md; Fwpg;gpl;l xU $l;lj;jhUf;F khj;jpuk; nrhe;jkhd jy;y. Muk;gj;jpypUe;Nj midj;J K];ypk;fSf;Fk; mJ fpilf;ff; $bajhf ,Ue;jJ. mjd; trdq;fis njhOiffspYk; mJ my;yhj NtiyfspYk; Xjf; $batu;fshfTk;> mjd; %yk; Mjhuk; gpbg;gtu;fshfTk;> mij xUtUf;F xUtu; fw;Wf; nfhLf;ff; $batu;fshfTk; ,Ue;jhu;fs;. nghJthf xU trdk; ,wq;fpdhy; mij xd;W ,uz;L ehl;fSf;Fg; gpwF $Ljyhd r`hghf;fs; kddk; nra;af; $batu;fshf ,Ue;jhu;fs;.

xU Gwk; egpj; Njhou;fspy; xU $l;lj;jpdu; my;Fu;Mid kddk; nra;tjpYk; XJtjpYk; <L gl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;jhu;fs;. gpd;du; mtu;fs; K];ypk;fSf;F kj;jpapy; Fu;uh fhupfs; vd mwpag; gl;lhu;fs;.

kW Gwk; NtnwhU $l;lj;jpdu; mjd; cr;rpapy; `]uj; mkPUy; K/kpdPd; myp miy`p]; ]yhk; mtu;fs; fhzg;gLfpd;whu;fs;> mtu;fs; midtUk; Fj;jhGy; t`p t`pia vOJgtu;fs; vd gpugy;ak; ngw;wpUe;jhu;fs;. Fu;Mdpy; ,Ue;J ,wq;fg; gl;lij ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fspd; Kd;dpiyapy; md;dhuJ fl;lisNahL mtu;fs; nrhy;Yfpd;w Kiwg; gb jdpg;gl;l Fwpg;ghd gyiffspNy vOjpdhu;fs;. ,t;tplak; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fspd; Neub fz; fhzpg;gpd; fPo; jhd; ele;NjwpaJ. vOjp Kbe;jjd; gpd; mtw;iw rupahf vOjg;gl;Ls;sjh vd;W mwptjw;fhf Ntz;b mij thrpj;Jf; fhl;LkhW Ntz;bf; nfhs;thu;fs;.

re;Njfkpd;wp ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fspd; fhyj;jpy; Fu;Mdpd; mjpfkhf #uhf;fspd; ngau;fs; mwpag; gl;bUe;jJ. egpfs; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p #uhTila ,lj;ij ,d;Dk; Fu;Md; trdj;Jila ,lj;ij njupT nra;jhu;fs;. mij Fu;Mid vOJgtu;fs; mjDila ,lj;jpy; vOjpdhu;fs;. ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fsJ fhyj;jpNy ngupa eLj;ju ,d;Dk; rpwpa #uhf;fspd; xOq;fikg;G ele;NjupaNjhL Gof;fkhfTk; ,Ue;jJ. egpfs; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fs; xt;nthU #uhf;fSila ngau;fisAk; $wp mij XJtjd; %ykhf fpilf;Fk; ed;ikiaAk; nrhy;ypf; fhz;gpj;jhu;fs;. mg;Jy;yh`; ,g;D k];Cj;> ciga; ,g;D f/g; Nghd;wtu;fs; gy jlitfs; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p my;Fu;Md; KOtijAk; Xjpf; fhz;gpj;jhu;fs;.

NtnwhU tpjj;jpy; Fu;Mdpy; vJ ,wq;fpNjh mit gyiffspNy vOjg; gl;L midj;J K];ypk;fSk; mijg; ghu;j;J vOjp mq;F ,y;yhtu;fSf;F fpilf;Fk; tifapy; gs;spapy; xU Fwpg;ghd ,lj;jpy; njhq;f tplg; gl;lJ. ,jd; %yk; Fu;Md; mf;fhyj;jpYk; vy;NyhUf;Fk; fpilf;f $bajhf ,Ue;jJ.

 

Fu;Midg; khw;wj;jpypUe;J ghJfhf;Fk; fhuzpfs;

Mkhk;! my;Fu;Md; jpuptiltij tpl;Lk; ghJfhf;Fk; fhuzpfs; $Ljyhf ,Uf;fpd;wd. mitfspy; NkNy $wpaitfSk; mlq;Fk;. ,jd;gb my;Fu;Md; ehfak; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fspd; Neubf; fz;fhzpg;gpd; fPo; xd;W Nru;f;g; gl;lJ vOjg; gl;lJ. mNj Nghy; K];ypk;fs; mjd; Nky; itj;jpUe;j msTf;fjpfkhd kjpg;Gk; MirfSk;> mJ midtuJ iffspYk; ,Uf;Fk; xd;whf ,Ue;jJ Nghd;wit> Ke;jpa njsuhj; ,d;[Py; Nghd;w ,uz;L Ntjq;fSf;F khw;wkhf vd;nwd;Wk; mNj mikg;gpy; ,wq;fpa tbtpy; filrp tiuf;Fk; ,Ug;gjw;F fhuzkhfp tpl;lJ. njsuhj; Rkhu; Mapuk; tUlq;fSk; ,d;[Py; Rkhu; Kd;D}W tUlq;fSk; kf;fSila xOq;fhf cupa gb iffspy; ,Uf;f tpy;iy. khwhf mJ murpay; ,uhZt kw;Wk; Vida epfo;Tfspd; iffspy; khl;bf; nfhz;lJ. ,d;Dk; gy tUlq;fSf;F gpwF mJ xd;W Nru;f;fg; gl;lJ. Mdhy; K];ypk;fspd; Ntjkhfpa my;Fu;Md; ,wq;f NghJ vt;thW ,Ue;jNjh mNj mikg;gpy; jhd; ,d;DKk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. mjpy; $l;LjNyh Fiwj;jNyh ,lk; ngw tpy;iy. ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p fhyj;jpYk; ,g;NghJ ,Uf;fpd;w mikg;gpy; jhd; xd;W Nru;f;fg; gl;lJ. \PM ngUk; cykhf;fSk; mwpQu;fSk; ,g;gbahd re;Njfq;fisAk; gopfisAk; mofhd Kiwapy; gpio vd epUgpj;Jf; fhl;bAs;shu;fs;. mtu;fs; rpyu; n\a;f; rJ}f;> n\a;f; KgPj;> nra;apj; Ku;joh> n\a;f; J}]p> n\a;f; jgu]p Nghd;w NkYk; gy \PM kj;`gpd; cykhf;fs; Fu;Md; khw;wkile;Js;sJ vDk; re;Njfj;ij njspthd Mjuq;fis Kd;itj;J Kw;W KOjhf epuhfupj;Js;shu;fs;.

Ma;tpd; Kbthf my; Fu;Md; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fspd; mw;Gjq;fspy; kpf Kf;fpakhd ,iw NtjkhFk;. mjpy; vt;tpj khw;wKk; epfo tpy;iy. ,d;W vq;fsJ iffspy; ,Ug;git ehafk; ]y; yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fSf;F ,wq;fpa mNj my; Fu;MNd MFk;. mJ vt;tifahd jpuptfis tpl;Lk; ghJfhg;ghf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. vq;fsJ topfhl;bfshd ,khk;fSk; mjidNa cz;ikia ngha;> ghj;jpypypUe;J gpupj;jwptjw;F gad; gLj;jg; gl Ntz;Lk; vd mwpKfg; gLj;jpAs;shu;fs;. mj;NjhL my; Fu;MDf;F Kudhdij epuhfupj;J tpl;L ,f;Fu;Md; rk;ge;jkhf gy rpghupRfisAk; fl;lisfisAk; nrhy;ypAs;shu;fs;. mitfspy; rpy my; Fu;Mid fw;FkhWk;> mjd; gb mky; nra;AkhWk;> mij XJtjpd; ed;ikfisAk;> Fu;MDf;F fz;zpak; nfhLg;gjpd; mtrpaj;ijAk;> ,itfis tpl Kf;fpakhf vtu; xUtu; jd; tho;f;ifapy; my; Fu;Mdpd; rl;l jpl;lq;fis eil Kiwg; gLj;jhJ ,Uf;fpd;whNuh mtu; ,U cyfpYk; ifNrjkilthu; vd vLj;Jr; nrhy;ypAs;shu;fs;.

 

04) ,khkj; vDk; jiyikj;Jtk;

,khk; vd;gJ khu;f;fk;> murpay;> rKfk;> mwpT Nghd;w tplaq;fspy; jd;idg; gpd; gw;Wtu;fSf;F vy;yh tifapYk; top fhl;Ltij jd; flikahf nfhz;L> kw;wtu;fs; mtiug; gpd;gw;Wk; xUtu; MFk;.

NkNy $wpa fUj;ij ikakhf itj;J \PMf;fspd; fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; ,khkj; vDk; jiyikj;Jtk; vd;gJ ,iwtdhy; epakpf;fg; gLk; xU me;j];jhFk;. mtd; %yNk mt; me;j];J eilngw Ntz;Lk;. mt;thwpy;yhJ kf;fs; njuptpd; %yk; Vw;g;glhJ. my;yh`{jMyh `]uj; K`k;kj; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fis vt;thW njupT nra;jhNdh mNj Nghy; jhd; ,e;j me;j];Jk; cyfpy; ,Uf;fpd;w kpfTk; jFjpahd kpFe;j mwpT cilatu;fspy; ,J Mf;fg; glNtz;Lk;. ,g;gpuptpy; ,uz;L tplak; gw;wp Ma;T nra;ag; gLk;:

1) ,khkpd; ghy; NjitAlajhFjy;

2) ,iwtdpd; %yk; epu;zapf;fg;gly;

 

,khk; ,Ug;gjd; mtrpak;

kdpjHfSf;F NeHtop fhl;Ltjw;fhf fhyj;jpw;Ff; fhyk; egpkhHfis mDg;GtJ ,iwQhdj;jpd; gpufhuk; mtrpakhf ,Ue;jJ NghyNt> mtHfSf;Fg; gpwF ,iw Qhdj;ijg; Nghjpj;J kf;fis my;yh`;tpd; ghijapYk; mtdJ J}jupd; ghijapYk; miog;gjw;fhfTk; vt;tpj khw;wq;fSf;Fk; mDkjpf;fhJ khHf;fj;ijg; ghJfhg;gjw;fhfTk; fhyj;jpw;Ff; fhyk; Vw;gLfpd;w Gjpa NjitfSf;F jPHTfis toq;Ft jw;fhfTk; cyfpy; vg;NghJk; xU topfhl;b ,khk; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gijAk; ,iw Qhdk; typAWj;JfpwJ. mt;thwpy;iynadpy;> kdpj tho;f;ifapd; Nehf;fkhd ghpG+uzj;Jtj;ij mile;J nfhs;tjpy; gpd;dilTf;Fl;gl Ntz;ba epiy kdpjHfSf;F Vw;gLk;. ,jdhy; jhd;> jpU egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtHfSf;Fg; gpwFs;s xt;nthU fhyj;jpYk; XH ,khk; ,Uf;f Ntz;baJ mtrpak; vd ehk; ek;Gfpd;Nwhk;.

ghtq;fis tpl;Lk; gupRj;jkhd ,khk;fNs kf;fis top Nfl;bypUe;J Neu; topapd; gf;fk; top fhl;b mtu;fis mjd; Mgj;jpypUe;J ghJfhf;f KbAk;. vg;NghJk; xU ,khk; top fhl;b ,Ug;gJ egpkhu;fis; Nghd;W gilg;gpd; Nehf;fj;ij G+uzg; gLj;JtJ Nghd;whFk;. RUq;ff; $wpd;: ghtq;fis tpl;Lk; gupRj;jkhd ,khk; vd;gJ> mtu; K];ypk;fspd; jiytu; khu;f;f> murpay;> rKf topfhl;bahFk;. ,d;Dk; kdpju;fs; Gdpju;fshf khWtjw;Fk;> ,t;TyfpYk; kWikapYk; rpwg;Gld; ,Uf;f mtu;fSf;F Kd;khjpupahd xUtu;. mtu;fs; epoypNy Mj;kPf ,nysfPf tplaq;fs; G+u;j;jp milfpd;wJ. ,d;ik kWikapd; rPNjtpj;jdk; mtu;fs; %yNk Vw;g;gLfpd;wJ Vnddpy; mtu;fs; ,iwtDld; neUf;fkhd njhlu;Gilatu;fshFk;.

 

,khik epu;zapg;gJ ahUila nghWg;G

K];ypk;fs; ,khkj; gw;wp cupa Kiwapy; mwpahjjhy; tpsq;fhjjhy;> mij K];ypk;fSf;F kj;jpapy; nfhs;if uPjpahd fUj;J NtWghl;Lf;Fk; mtu;fs; \PM Rd;dh vd ,uz;L gpupTfshf gpue;J nry;tjw;Fk; fhuzkhd xd;W vd mtu;fs; tpsq;fp itj;Js;shu;fs;. \PMf;fs; my; Fu;Md; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fsJ m`;Yy; igj;Jf;fsJk; `jPJfspd; gpufhuk; nfhs;ifapd; gb ,khkj; vd;gJ up]hyj; ,d;Dk; EGt;tj;jpd; njhluhFk;. ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fs; ,iwtdJ fl;lisg; gb jdf;Fg; gpd;Ds;s ,khikj; njupT nra;J kf;fspd; jPd; kw;Wk; cyf tplaq;fs; rk;ge;jkhd tptfhuq;fspd; nghWg;ig mtu;fsplk; xg;gilj;jhu;fs;. ,khk; rKfj;ij top elhj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w mNj Ntiy khu;f;fj;ij top jtupype;J ghJfhtyu;fshfTk;> mt;tg;NghJ Njhd;Wk; Gjpa rpf;fyhd gpur;rpidfSf;F jPu;T toq;Fgtu;fshfTk; mij cupa Kiwapy; kf;fSf;F tpgupj;Jf; fhl;Lgtu;fshfTk; ,Ue;jhu;fs;. ,jd; gb \PMf;fs; ,khkj;ij jq;fsJ nfhs;ifapd; mbg;gilahf fUJfpd;wdu;. NkYk; xUtu; EGt;tj; gw;wp Ma;Tfis Nkw; nfhz;L mij jd; tho;f;iff;F Kd;khjpupfahf itj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wdu;. Mdhy; ,khik mwpjy; rk;ge;jkhd tplaj;jpy; gpd; gw;Wtij rpwe;jJ vd fUJfpd;whu;fs; my;y. khwhf mij Mjhuj;Jld; mwptJ xt;nthUtUk; th[pG flik vd fUJfpd;wdu;.

Mkhk; EGt;tJk; ,khkj;Jk; xUNghJk; xd;iw tpl;L kw;wij gpupf;f KbahJ. ,it ,uz;Lk; khu;f;fj; jpl;lq;fspYk; nray; ghLfspYk; xd;whf Nru;e;J nray; gLfpd;wJ. ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fs; khu;f;fj;ij jPidf; nfhz;L te;jtu;fs;> ,iw rl;lq;fis gpur;rhuk; nra;gtu;fs; t`p %yk; ,iwtNdhL njhlu;Gfis itj;jpUg;gtu;fs;. gupRj;jthdhd ,khk; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fs; nfhz;L te;j khu;f;fj;jpd; xU gFjpia tpgupg;gtu;> mjw;F tpsf;fk; mspg;gtu;. ,it ,uz;Lf;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s tpj;jpahrk; fhyKk; NeuKk; ,lKk; re;ju;g;gKk; rupahf mikahjjhy; mJ rk;G+uzkhf nrhy;yg; gl tpy;iy.

gupRj;jthdhd ,khk; ,];yhkpa Ml;rpapd; jiytuhf top fhl;bahf ,Ug;gNjhL cupa gb rl;lq;fis eil Kiwg; gLj;JtijAk; mij vjpupfspd; mOf;Fg; gbe;j rpe;jidfis tpl;Lk; ghJfhg;gijAk; jd; Njhs; kPJ Rke;Js;shu;. ,d;Dk; mtu; rKfj;jpd; cs;suq;f tplaj;jpd; mtu;fspd; G+uzj;Jtj;jpd; ghJfhyu;fshFk;. ,itfisf; ftdpf;fd;w NghJ ehafk; mtu;fspd; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fspd; gpujpepjp ngUk; f];lkhd nghWg;Gfs; nfhz;ltu; vd tpsq;f Kbfpd;wJ. mg;gbahdhy; mtu; ehafk; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p tMyp`p mtu;fisg; Nghy; ghtk;> jtW nra;tij tpl;Lk; ghJfhg;ghf ,Uj;jy;> cyfk; kw;Wk; kWik gw;wpa mjpfkhd> Mokhd mwpT Nghd;w cau;e;j rpwe;j tpNrl jd;ikfisf; nfhz;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;. mg;NghJ jhd; mtuJ me;j];J cWjpahFk;.